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Basics of Islam

Basics of Islam PART 1

Written By Mufti Jalal-Ud-Din Ahmad Amjadi
Translated by Haji Saleem Ghisa Rizvi
Prepared by
Molvi Kaleem Raza

Q) Who are you?
A) I am a Muslim

Q) Who do you call a Muslim?
A) Those who believe in one Allah and believes that Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam is the messenger of Allah and believes that the Holy Quran is the book of Allah
Q) What is the name of your religion?
A) Islam
Q) What is the message of Islam (Kalima)?
A) La ilaha illallaho Muhammadur Rasoolallah’ This is Called the first Kalima (Kalima Tayyab)
Q) What is the meaning of this Kalima?
A) There is no-one worthy of worship except Allah, Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam is the messenger of Allah
Q) Who is Allah?
A) Allah created humans, the sun, moon and every singe creation.
Q) What do you call someone who does not believe in Allah?
A) Whoever does not believe in Allah is an infidel (Kafir)
Q) What do you call someone who associates someone equal to or partner with Allah?
A) We call them Mushrik and Kafir (polytheist) and infidel)
Q) What is wrong in being a Kafir or Mushrik?
A) Allah will always be unhappy with a Kafir or Mushrik and after death they will remain in the fire or hell forever.
Q) Will Kafirs or Mushriks never go to paradise?
A) No, never, they will remain in hell for eternity.
Q) Who is Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam?
A) He is the messenger and Prophet of Allah Ta’ala. He is the highest ranking Prophet of all prophets. He is the greatest Prophet. We are all his followers, we are from his Ummat and he is our Prophet
Q) Where was our Prophet born?
A) He was born on the 12 th of Rabbi-ul-Awwal (approx.20 th April 571 ad.)
Q) What is the name of the Holy Prophet’s father?
A) It is Hazrat Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him)
Q) What is the name of our Holy Prophet’s mother?
A) It is Hazrat Amina (may Allah be pleased with her)
Q) What is the names of our Holy Prophet ‘s grandparents?
A) Our Holy Prophet’s grandfather’s name was Abdul Muttallib and his grandmother’s name (Maternal) was Wahub.
Q) How many years did our Holy Prophet stay alive?
A) After our Holy Prophet passes away, by the power of Allah he is still alive in his holy shrine. His presence in the world was 63 and 10 years In Madinah.
Q) On what date did our Holy Prophet pass away?
A) Our Holy Prophet Passed away from in front of the human eyes on the 12 th of Rabbi-ul Awwal (Approx. June 12 th 632ad…)
Q) Where is our Holy Prophet’s Holy Shrine?
A) It is in Madina Sharif , Which is approximately 300 km away from Makkah Sharif.
Q) How is it known that Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam is the Prophet of Allah Ta’ala?
A) It is proven by the fact that, our Holy Prophet called people towards Islam, he performed many miracles and he gave such knowledge of the unseen (llm-e-ghaib) which can only be given by none other than a Prophet of Allah.
Q) What do you call a person who does not believe in Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam as a Prophet?
A) he/she is a Kafir (Infidel)
Q) What if someone believes in Allah Ta’ala but does not believe in the Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam?
A) The person is also a Kafir.
Q) What is the reason for believing in the Holy Prophet?
A) The reason for believing in him is that he is a true Prophet sent by Allah Ta’ala believe in this, believe in every word of our Holy Prophet, love him and never disrespect or speak or think badly about him.
Q) What is the Holy Quran?
A) The Holy Quran is the book of Allah.
Q) How do we know that the Holy Quran is Allah’s book?
A) There has never been a book that someone could create which was anything like the Holy Quran this then proves that the Holy Quran is the book of Allah. If the Holy Quran had been written and created by someone other than Allah then it would have been easy to create something similar, which of course has not been possible.
Q) Who was the Holy Quran revealed to?
A) It was revealed to our Holy Prophet, MUHAMMAD Sallallaho Alaihe ‘Wasallam.
Q) Was the Holy Quran Revealed all at once, or in parts?
A) It was revealed bit by bit according to the need of the people.
Q) Over how long a period was the Holy Quran Revealed?
A) It was Revealed over 23 years.
Q) How was the Holy Quran Revealed?
A) Hazrat Jibraeel Alaiyhissallaam revealed, chapter and versed to our Holy Prophet, by the grace of almighty Allah. Our Holy Prophet memorized these passages and repeated them to the people. These people then memorized these passages and wrote then down.
Q) What is preached in the Holy Quran?
A) Everything is in the Holy Quran, i.e. regarding everything in all walks of life and the hereafter.
Q) Why was the Holy Quran Revealed?
A) To show people the right way in life. So people can recognise Allah almighty and his Holy Prophet and so that they can live life in a pure way.
Q) Who is Hazrat Jibraeel Alaiyhissalaam?
A) He is an angel who brought messages (wahi) from Allah Almighty to the Prophets.
Q) What are Angels?
A) They are created from light (Noor), by Almighty Allah; they are neither male or female. They don’t eat or drink. They worship Allah constantly. (Non Stop)
Q) Why are human created?
A) They are created to worship Almighty Allah.
Q) How do Muslims worship Allah?
A) They worship Allah in the following ways:
1) They pray Namaz (Salat)
2) They fast during the month of Ramadan.
3) Rich Muslim offer Zakat (charity) Muslim.
4) They perform pilgrimage (hajj)
Q) What is the best from of worshop?
A) Namaz (Salat) is the best form of worship.
Q) What is Namaz (Salat)?
A) Namaz (Salat) is a form of worshiping Allah Almighty which is performed a certain way. A person praying Namaz, stands facing Qibla (Holy Ka’aba) they recite verses from the Holy Quran and bow down before Allah. They praise Allah, and they pray Durood (blessings) for our Holy Prophet.
Q) How many times a day do we pray Namaz?
A) Namaz is prayed five times a day.
Q) What are the names for these five Namaz?
A) Fajr, Zohr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha.
Q) When is the Fajr Namaz preyed?
A) From the break of dawn until the beginning of sunrise
Q) When Zohr Namaz prayed?
A) Zohr Namaz is prayed from after midday until the beginning time of Asr Namaz.
Q) When is Asr Namaz prayed?
A) Asr Namaz is prayed from late-afternoon until sunset.
Q) When is Maghrib Namaz prayed?
A) Maghrib Namaz is prayed from sunset, upto a maximum of One and Quarter hours.
Q) When is Isha Namaz prayed?
A) Isha Namaz is prayed after Maghrib time has lapsed upto the beginning of Fajr time.
Q) What is the process called when one washes their hands, face, feet and pass water over their hair?
A) This process is called WUZU (Ablution)
Q) How is Wuzu performed?
A) Wuzu is performed in the following way:
I) Pray Bismillah then perform Miswak (a five inch wooden stick) by rubbing over your teeth if this is not available then use your index finger.
ii) Wash both hands up to your wrists three times (first right then left)
iii) Then perform a gargle by washing your mouth out three times (using your right hand).
iv) Then pass water into your nose with your left hand little finger in right nostril and left hand thumb in left nostril, this is done three times.
v) Wash your face thoroughly by gathering water in both your palms (form a cup) and start at top of your forehead where hair has the bottom of our chin, this is also done three times.
vi) Wash your right arm up to and including your elbow, and ensure water passes through your fingers and pass your arms and not the other way round. Perform three times and do same to your left arm three times.
vii) Perform masah (wiping) by wetting your fingers on both hands and then using three fingers (small, next and middle) on the both hands rub over your hair from forehead to back of neck. Use your index finger in each hand to clean your ears (right finger to clean right ear and left finger to clean the left ear). Use your thumbs to clean back of your ears. Clean each side of your neck by passing the back of your hand over it. This Masah is only done ONCE.
ix) Wash you feet upto and including the ankles making sure that water passes every gap between your toes. Perform this three times with right and then left.
x) Look up to the sky and pray ASHHADUAN LA’ILA HA ILLALLAHO MUHAMMAD-DUR’RASOOLULLAH and the lnna Anzalna surat .
Q) What is the purpose of Wuzu?
A) The purpose of Wuzu is to ensure that you clean all parts mentioned, and it is important that you get plenty of water over the parts that you are washing.
Q) If a part of your body, that you are washing whilst doing Wuzu gets wet, but water does not drip from that, then does that Wuzu count?
A) No, if this happens Wuzu will not count. As well as wetting certain parts of your body (which have been mentioned) water must drip from those parts.
Q) At the time of Namaz, a man stands and calls people to prayer, what is this called?
A) This called the Azaan.
Q) What is the method of praying the Azaan?
A) Azaan is performed in the following manner after performing ablution (Wuzu). The person praying Azaan stands in a high place facing the Qibla putting both index fingers in the ears (right ear, left index finger in left ear) and praying in a loud and clear voice.
Q) What is the dua prayed after hearing the Azaan?
A) ALLAHUMMA RABBA HAA’ZIHID DA’WATT’IT TAA’MATEH WA SALAATIL QAA’IMAH TIH AATE SAYYEDINA MUHAMMADNIL WASEELATA WALFAZEELATH WADARAJATR RAFEEATAH WAB’AS HO MAKAAMU M M AHMOODA’NILAZIH WA’ATTAHO WARZUKNA SHAFA’ATAHO YAWMAL QIYAAMAT’E INNAKA LATUKHLIFUL MI’AAD.
Click here for Dua of Azan for Audio and Arabic text
Q) A short while after Azaan, people pray something else in loud
voice, what is this called?
A) This is called Tasweeb and Salat.
Q) What are the words prayed for Tasweeb and Salat?
A) There are no specific words which have been Islamic law. One can pray any words which are appropriate. These days the Durood Sharif is used quite commonly.
Q) Before the Namaz commences, one man stands in the first row and prays something in loud voice. What is this called?
A) The words of Takbeer are exactly the same as the words used in Azaan.
There is only on slight difference and that is after HAAYAA ALAL FALAAH the words QUDQAAMATIS SALAAT are prayed twice in addition.
Q) When listening to the Takbeer should a person be sat down or stood up?
A) Takbeer should be listened to whi8lst sitting down, but when the person praying HAYYA ALAL FALAAH, then everyone should stand.
Q) What do you call a parson who prays the Azaan?
A) He is called a Mu’azzin.
Q) What do you call a person who prays the Takbeer?
A) He is called the Mukabbir.
Q) What do you call someone who prays Namaz on their own?
A) They are called a Munfarid (alone)
Q) When everyone prays Namaz together what is this called?
A) When people who pray Namaz together this is called Jamaat.
Q) What do you call the person who leads the Namaz?
A) The person who leads the Namaz is called an Imam.
Q) What is the name given to those who pray behind the Imam?
A) They are called Muqtadee.
Q) What is the name given to the position when you stand up from Rukooh?
A) It is called Quwmah.
Q) What is the name given to the sitting position when you come out from sijdah?
A) The sitting position in between the Sijdahs is called jalsa and the sitting position when praying Attahiyat is called Qaida.
Q) Should Bismillah be prayed before Attahiyat?
A) No.
Q) Should the Muktadee pray Ta’awwuz and Tasmeeh when he is praying behind the Imam?
A) The Muktadeeh should only pray Sanah, when he is hehind the Imam and then remain silent. He should not pray Ta’awwuz or Tasmeeh; neither should he pray Surah Fatiha or any other Surat.
Q) Should the Muktadeeh pray ‘Sami Allaho liman hamidah’ when rising from Rukooh?
A) No, but he should pray Rabbana lakal hamd’ after rising from Rukooh.
Q) After Namaz, what do people pray whilst counting on their fingers?
A) They pray, Subhanallah 33 times, Allhamdolillah 33 times and Allaho Akbar 34 times. There is a lot of sawab (reward) for praying this.

  Basics of Islam

Part 2:

Q. What is the religion of Islam?
A. Islam is that path upon which Allah can be recognized.

Q. How can a person find this path?
A. This path can be found by means of the messengers of Allah
Q. How many pillars of Islam are there?
A. There are five pillars of Islam.
Q. what are these?
A. they are as follows
1. To state “Kalima Shahadat” by the tongue and accept it by heart.
2. To perform Namaz
3. To give Zakat.
4. To fast in the month of Ramadan.
5. To perform hajj.
Q. What is the “Kalima shahadat” and what does it mean?
A. This is Kalima Shahadat:
“Ash hado al la ila ha illAllah o wahdaho la sharika lahoo wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan ab du hu wa Rasooluh”.
Meaning:” I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is his beloved servant and messenger.”
Q. If person prays the Kalima Shahadat by his tongue but does not believe it in his heart then is that person a Muslim?
A. A person like this is never a Muslim.
Q. What is ‘Iman’?
A. To believe all the things brought by our Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam from Allah is called Imaan.
Q. How many things should a Muslim believe in; which are compulsory?
A. There are seven things to believe in, these are mentioned in “Imaan Mufassal”
Amanto billahi wamala ikatihee wakutoobihi wa rusoolihi walyawmil akhiri wal qadri khayrihi washarrihi minAllah I Ta’ala walba’si ba’dal maut”

“I have believe in Allah, his Angels, his Books, his Messengers, on the day of judgment, and that goodness and non good things of destiny are all from Allah, and I also believe in being raised from the dead by Allah”.
Q. What is kufr?
A. To disbelieve in any of the things that are compulsory to believe in Islam.

Allah

Q. Regarding to Allah what should we believe?
A. Allah is one, pure, and clean from all defects. He is the only one worthy of worship. He has no beginning nor does he have an end. He has no partner.
The earth, sky, stars, sun, everything was created by him alone, and he is the master of all things. He has the ability to make a person rich or poor. He gives things life and death by his command. He is pure from and relations e.g. Father, mother, son, daughter, etc. He does face or body nothing is like Him, he is free from any position or place.
Q. Can we say Allah Miya?
A. No Allah miya should not be said.
Q. Who’s names are “Khaliq, Razzaq, Rahman”?
A. These names are all of Allah
Q. If people have names such as “Abdul Haq or Abdul Razzaq or Abdur Rahman or Abdul Qayyum can we call these people by names such as “Haq, Razzaq, Rahman, Qayyum ?
A. To do this is Haram (strictly forbidden)

The Angels of Allah

Q. What are angels?
A. Like mankind, angels are a. creation of Allah , but they are made of light. They are not of man or women. They do not eat or drink. They perform all the duties that Allah has given them.
Some angels write down a person’s good and bad dead in their graves; and some angels take Durood Sharif to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
Q) What are the names of those angels who write down our good and bad deeds?
A. They are called “Kiraman and Katibeen”.
Q. What do we call them angels who ask questions to the dead in their graves?
A. They are called “Munkar and Nakeer”
Q. How many angels are there?
A. There are countless angels of Allah. The total amounts of angels are know by Allah and by revelation his Prophet (peace be upon him) but there are four popular angels.
Q. Can you name these four angels?
A. 1.”Hazrat Jibraeel” (Peace be on him) who passes the messages of Allah to his messengers.
2. “Hazrat Israfeel” (peace be on him) who is blow the horn on the day of judgment.
3. “Hazrat Mikaeel” (peace be on him)
who is controlling the rainfall and sending wealth.
4. “Hazrat Izraeel” (peace on him) who has a duty of taking out souls of living things.

THE BOOKS OF ALLAH

Q. How many books are there of Allah?
A. Allah has sent down a great deal of books the larger books were called Kitabs, and the smaller books were called Sahigas. However, there four very popular Kitabs.
Q. What are thes4e four Kitabs Called and upon whom were they revealed to?
A. 1. Tauret, revealed to Hazrat Musa (peace be upon him)
2. Zaboor, revealed to Hazrat Da’ud (peace be upon him)
3. Injeel, revealed to Hazrat Eisa (peace be upon him)
4. Quran, revealed to Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam
Q. Are these books still available today?
A. All the books are available. However, apart form the Holy Quran the rest have been altered and tampered by the Jews and Christians and the originals cannot be obtained.
Q. Has the Holy Quran been tampered with?
A. No, definitely not. it is unaltered from the time of the Holy Prophet and will remain so, until the day of Qayamat.
Q. How can there be no change in the Holy Quran?
A. Because Allah has taken sole responsibility to protect it, no person can alter it.
Q. How many Sahifas have been revealed and to which messengers?
A. The total amount of Sahifas (booklets) are only known by Allah and by revealing, his Prophet. However some Sahifas were revealed to Hazrat Adam (peace be on him) some to Hazrat Shees(peace be on him) some to Hazrat Ibrahim (peace be on him) apart from these, there are still others too.

Rasool and Nabi (Messengers and Prophets)

Q. Who are Rasool and Nabi?
A. Rasool and Nabi are the beloved servants of Allah, and they are human. Allah has sent them down for the guidance of the people. They preach the command of Allah to His people. They show miracles and speak of things unseen (ghaib) they never lie, and are pure from all sins.
Q. Are angels Nabis too?
A. No. Nabis are human beings only.
Q. How many Nabis are there?
A. More or less than 124.000 or more or less 224.000. The correct number is known to Allah and by his showing our Holy Prophet (peace be upon him.)
Q. Who was the first Prophet?
A. Hazrat Adam (peace be upon him)
Q. Who was the last Prophet?
A. Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (peace be on him)
Q. Are there going to be any Nabis now?
A. There will be no Nabi now. This is because our holy Prophet (peace be upon him) is the seal of the prophets. If a person doubts this, then he is a Kafir
Q. Who is the highest ranked, of the Rasools?
A. The most highest ranked of all the Rasools and Nabis is our Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (peace be upon him). After Allah, he has the highest rank.
Q. Can we write (S.A.W) after the name of a Prophet?
A. The full Durood, peace be upon him should be written, to write (p.b.u.h.) (s.a.w.) Etc. is Haram.

Part 3:

Qayamat

Q. Which day do we call Qayamt?
A. Qayamat is the day when all man, animals, earth, skies, mountain, everything will be destroyed. Only Allah will remain.
Q. How will everything be destroyed?
A. Hazrat Israfeel (peace be on him) will blow the soor. From the sound of it everybody, everything will be destroyed, Even Hazrat Israfeel and his horn will be destroyed.
Q. What is a soor?
A Soor is a thing similar to that of a horn of an animal.
Q. When will Qayamat come?
A. The correct time for Qayamat is known by Allah and his showing, the Prophet (peace be upon him). All we know is that it will be upon the 10th of moharram, and that the day will be a Friday. However our Prophet (peace be upon him) has given us a great deal of sings for Qayamat. By seeing these signs the near time of Qayamat can be known.
Q. Can you mention a few signs of Qayamat?
A. There will be a great deal of sins done. People will openly do Haram acts, people will be cruel to there parents and be friendly with others, rich people will find it difficult to give Zakat, the knowledge of Islam will be studied for worldly luxuries, there will be a great increase in dance and music, bad people will be the leaders of the public, the once poorest people will be living in massive buildings and will have money, there will be massive earthquakes.

Taqdeer (Destiny)

Q. What is Taqdeer (Destiny)?
A. What ever happens in this world and what good or bad, people do. Allah has written this down from the very beginning. This is Taqdeer.
Q. Does this mean that whatever Allah has written down, is compulsory for us to do?
A. No! Allah has already written down what we are going to do. If bad deeds were written in a person’s destiny, this is because he/she will do sins in this world. If he/she was going to do good deeds then reward would be written down in his destiny.

Rising after being dead

Q. What do we mean by “rising after dead”?
A. After the day of Qayamat, when everything will be destroyed. When Allah wishes he will create Hazrat Israfeel and his horn. When the horn is blown the second time everything will be raised, and they will go to the field of Hashr. There will be an account for every person for their good and bad deeds and they will be rewarded according to this, i.e. Good people will go to Jannat (paradise), and bad people will go to Jahannum (hell).
Q. If every person believes in everything in Iman –Mufassal by his tongue and heart but does not perform Namaz, Roza, Zakat, or Hajj is he still counted as a Muslim?
A. He is a Muslim but such a person is a grave sinner, and against the command of Allah. Such a person is Fasiq and Fajir (wrongdoer)
Q. If a person prays Namaz, Fasts etc. And believes everything of Iman-Mufassal but is insulting and be rude to the Prophet (peace be upon him) is this person a Muslim?
A. No! Such a person is a Kafir (infidel) and murtad (apostate)
Q. If a person does not insult the Prophet but purposely believes that those who insult the Prophet are Muslim. Is such a Person regarded as a Muslim?
A. No! This person too is a Kafir and Murtad (renegade)

Chapter of action

Namaz

Q. What things are necessary before starting Namaz?
A. Before starting Namaz seven conditions need to be fulfilled.
Q. What are these seven conditions?
A. 1. The body has to be clean.
2. The clothes have to be clean.
3. The place of praying Namaz has to be clean.
4. Satr-e-awrat(covering the body)
5. It should be the time of praying Namaz
6. To face the Qibla.
7. To make the niyat (intention) for Namaz. These seven things are called “sharait-e-namaz”

The first necessary condition of Namaz

Q. What do we mean by keeping the body clean?
A. There should be no sign of ‘Najasat Haqiqiya’, or ‘Najasat Hukmi’
Q. How many types of impurities (Najasats) are there?
A. There are two types of impurities, one is ‘Najasat Haqiqiya’ and the other one is Najasat Hukmi.
Q. What is Najasat Haqiqiya?
A. This is an impurity which can be seen directly e.g. Urine, blood etc.
Q. What is Najasat Hukmi?
A. This is an impurity which cannot be seen directly, but is known because of the Islamic law, e.g. Those situations which makes it compulsory for a person to perform bathing or Wuzu.
There are two types of Najasat Hukmi,
1. Hadath-e-Asgar. (Small)
2. Hadath-e-Akbar. (large)
Q. How does the body become clean from hadath-e-Asgar?
A. When person performs Wuzu.

Wuzu

Q. What is Wuzu?
A. To wash both hands up till the wrists
To wash the mouth.
To wash the inside of the nose.
To wash the whole face.
To wash both arms including the elbows
To wipe the head with wet hands (masah).
To wash both feet up to the ankles. This is called Wuzu
Q. Are all the these things necessary in Wuzu?
A. No. Only those things are necessary which we call Farz (compulsory). If a Farz is missed then Wuzu will not be made some things are Sunnat. If the Sunnat is missed then Wuzu is still performed. But if you do these Sunnats then the reward will be given and the reward would be greater.
Q. How many Farz (compulsory) are there in Wuzu?
A. There are four Farz of Wuzu
1. To wash the face, from the point where the hair starts to grow till the bottom of the chin, and from one earlobe to the other.
2. To wash both arms including the elbows.
3. To wipe your wet hands over one quarter of your head.
4. To wash both feet including the ankles.
Q. How many Sunnats are there in Wuzu?
A. There are sixteen Sunnats in Wuzu,
1 To perform niyyat (intention)for Wuzu
2 To say Bismillah
3 To wash both hands up to the wrists three times.
4 To perform miswaak (clean teeth via a stick)
5 To gargle three times by using the right hand.
6 To suck up water into the nose by using the right hand.
7 To clean the nose by using the left hand.
8 To pass fingers through the beard.
9 To pass the fingers through each other and through the toes.
10 To wash each part three times.
11 To pass the wet hand over the full head.
12 To wipe the outside of the ears.
13 To perform Wuzu in order.
14 To wipe those hairs of the beard which are outside the borings of the face.
15 To wash the parts of Wuzu one after the other. In other words before on part becomes dry wash the other
16 To stay away from those things which are Makrooh (disliked)
Q. How many Mustahabs (preferable) are there in Wuzu?
A. There are sixty five Mustahabs in Wuzu which are stated in the book Bahar-e-Shariat.
Q. What is Makrooh?
A. Makrooh are those things, which make Wuzu acceptable but incomplete.
Q. How many things are Makrooh in Wuzu?
A. There are 21 things that are Makrooh in Wuzu,
1 To perform Wuzu with water left over from another Wuzu.
2 To sit on an impure place during Wuzu.
3 To run the water of Wuzu on the impure place.
4 To perform Wuzu inside a Masque (Jamaat Khana)
5 To run the drops of water from the parts of Wuzu in to the bucket to water used.
6 To put mucus from the nose and mouth into the bucket of water used.
7 To spit or pour water from the nose or mouth in the direction of the Qibla.
8 To talk about worldly things without reason.
9 To use more water than necessary.
10 To use so little water that the Sunnats of Wuzu cannot be performed.
11 To splash water on to the face.
12 To blow when pouring water on to the face.
13 To wash the face by using one hand.
14 To wipe the throat with the hands.
15 To gargle or suck water into the nose by using the left hand.
16 To clean the nose by using the right hand
17 To have a container etc. Only for yourself.
18 To wipe the head three times each time washing the hands
19 To dry the parts of Wuzu (but this can be done in cold weather)
20 To do Wuzu by using water which has been warmed by the sun.
21 To deliberately miss a Sunnat.
Q. What things break Wuzu?
A. 1 To excrete
2 To pass urine.
3 For anything to come out of the urinal or anal passage.
4 To pass wind.
5 For blood or puss to come out and flow from a part of the body.
6 To vomit (a mouthful), food, water, or mucus.
7 To sleep in such a way that the joints of the body become loose.
8 To fall unconscious
9 To become mentally disabled.
10 To faint.
11 To be drunk in anything in such a way that it is difficult to wake properly.
12 To laugh loudly during Namaz in such a way that the people around you listen when you are performing any Namaz which has Rukooh and Sajda.
13 For water to run form a hurting eye.

Ghusl (bathing)

Q. How can we clean our body from Hadath-e-Akbar?
A. By performing ghusl, the body can become pure from Hadath-e-Akbar.
Q. What is ghusl?
A. To bathe is called Ghusl.
The Islamic way is to perform the intention of ghusl first.
Then:
Wash both hands to the wrist three times.
Wash the private parts of the body.
Wash any najast Haqiqiya (e.g. Urine) from any part of the body.
do wuzu like you do for Namaz but do not wash your feet. If you are on a bench etc. Then wash your feet as well.
Then massage water on your body like you massage oil.
Then pass water three times on your right shoulder.
Then pass water three times on your left shoulder.
Then pass water on your head and whole of the body three times
wipe your hand on the whole body. After ghusl, and drying, quickly put back on your clothes.
Q. How many Farz are there in ghusl?
A. There are three Farz in ghusl
1. To perform gargle i.e. To clean the mouth out thoroughly.
2. To wash the inside of the nose thoroughly.
3. To wash the whole body so that not a hair point is left dry.
Q. How many Sunnats are there in ghusl?
A. The Sunnats are ghusl are as follows;
1 To perform the intention of ghusl.
2 To wash both hands up to the wrists three times.
3 To wash the private parts of the body.
4 To wash those places on which there is Najasat (impurity).
5 To perform wuzu like Namaz.
6 To massage water up the body like oil.
7 To pour the water on the right shoulder then the left and then the head and after that pour water all over the body three times.
8 To pass the hands over the whole body and message the body.
9 Not to face the Qibla when performing ghusl. If performing ghusl you wear clothes then it is acceptable.
10 To perform ghusl in a place where you cannot be seen.
11 When performing ghusl you should not talk.
12 Not to pray anything.
13 It is Sunnat for the women to sit and do ghusl.
14 To get dressed quickly after ghusl.

 

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Basics of Islam

Basics of Islam PART 1

Written By Mufti Jalal-Ud-Din Ahmad Amjadi
Translated by Haji Saleem Ghisa Rizvi
Prepared by
Molvi Kaleem Raza

Q) Who are you?
A) I am a Muslim

Q) Who do you call a Muslim?
A) Those who believe in one Allah and believes that Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam is the messenger of Allah and believes that the Holy Quran is the book of Allah
Q) What is the name of your religion?
A) Islam
Q) What is the message of Islam (Kalima)?
A) La ilaha illallaho Muhammadur Rasoolallah’ This is Called the first Kalima (Kalima Tayyab)
Q) What is the meaning of this Kalima?
A) There is no-one worthy of worship except Allah, Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihe Wasallam is the messenger of Allah
Q) Who is Allah?
A) Allah created humans, the sun, moon and every singe creation.
Q) What do you call someone who does not believe in Allah?
A) Whoever does not believe in Allah is an infidel (Kafir)
Q) What do you call someone who associates someone equal to or partner with Allah?
A) We call them Mushrik and Kafir (polytheist) and infidel)
Q) What is wrong in being a Kafir or Mushrik?
A) Allah will always be unhappy with a Kafir or Mushrik and after death they will remain in the fire or hell forever.
Q) Will Kafirs or Mushriks never go to paradise?
A) No, never, they will remain in hell for eternity.
Q) Who is Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam?
A) He is the messenger and Prophet of Allah Ta’ala. He is the highest ranking Prophet of all prophets. He is the greatest Prophet. We are all his followers, we are from his Ummat and he is our Prophet
Q) Where was our Prophet born?
A) He was born on the 12 th of Rabbi-ul-Awwal (approx.20 th April 571 ad.)
Q) What is the name of the Holy Prophet’s father?
A) It is Hazrat Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him)
Q) What is the name of our Holy Prophet’s mother?
A) It is Hazrat Amina (may Allah be pleased with her)
Q) What is the names of our Holy Prophet ‘s grandparents?
A) Our Holy Prophet’s grandfather’s name was Abdul Muttallib and his grandmother’s name (Maternal) was Wahub.
Q) How many years did our Holy Prophet stay alive?
A) After our Holy Prophet passes away, by the power of Allah he is still alive in his holy shrine. His presence in the world was 63 and 10 years In Madinah.
Q) On what date did our Holy Prophet pass away?
A) Our Holy Prophet Passed away from in front of the human eyes on the 12 th of Rabbi-ul Awwal (Approx. June 12 th 632ad…)
Q) Where is our Holy Prophet’s Holy Shrine?
A) It is in Madina Sharif , Which is approximately 300 km away from Makkah Sharif.
Q) How is it known that Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam is the Prophet of Allah Ta’ala?
A) It is proven by the fact that, our Holy Prophet called people towards Islam, he performed many miracles and he gave such knowledge of the unseen (llm-e-ghaib) which can only be given by none other than a Prophet of Allah.
Q) What do you call a person who does not believe in Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam as a Prophet?
A) he/she is a Kafir (Infidel)
Q) What if someone believes in Allah Ta’ala but does not believe in the Holy Prophet Muhammad Sallallhu Alaihe Wasallam?
A) The person is also a Kafir.
Q) What is the reason for believing in the Holy Prophet?
A) The reason for believing in him is that he is a true Prophet sent by Allah Ta’ala believe in this, believe in every word of our Holy Prophet, love him and never disrespect or speak or think badly about him.
Q) What is the Holy Quran?
A) The Holy Quran is the book of Allah.
Q) How do we know that the Holy Quran is Allah’s book?
A) There has never been a book that someone could create which was anything like the Holy Quran this then proves that the Holy Quran is the book of Allah. If the Holy Quran had been written and created by someone other than Allah then it would have been easy to create something similar, which of course has not been possible.
Q) Who was the Holy Quran revealed to?
A) It was revealed to our Holy Prophet, MUHAMMAD Sallallaho Alaihe ‘Wasallam.
Q) Was the Holy Quran Revealed all at once, or in parts?
A) It was revealed bit by bit according to the need of the people.
Q) Over how long a period was the Holy Quran Revealed?
A) It was Revealed over 23 years.
Q) How was the Holy Quran Revealed?
A) Hazrat Jibraeel Alaiyhissallaam revealed, chapter and versed to our Holy Prophet, by the grace of almighty Allah. Our Holy Prophet memorized these passages and repeated them to the people. These people then memorized these passages and wrote then down.
Q) What is preached in the Holy Quran?
A) Everything is in the Holy Quran, i.e. regarding everything in all walks of life and the hereafter.
Q) Why was the Holy Quran Revealed?
A) To show people the right way in life. So people can recognise Allah almighty and his Holy Prophet and so that they can live life in a pure way.
Q) Who is Hazrat Jibraeel Alaiyhissalaam?
A) He is an angel who brought messages (wahi) from Allah Almighty to the Prophets.
Q) What are Angels?
A) They are created from light (Noor), by Almighty Allah; they are neither male or female. They don’t eat or drink. They worship Allah constantly. (Non Stop)
Q) Why are human created?
A) They are created to worship Almighty Allah.
Q) How do Muslims worship Allah?
A) They worship Allah in the following ways:
1) They pray Namaz (Salat)
2) They fast during the month of Ramadan.
3) Rich Muslim offer Zakat (charity) Muslim.
4) They perform pilgrimage (hajj)
Q) What is the best from of worshop?
A) Namaz (Salat) is the best form of worship.
Q) What is Namaz (Salat)?
A) Namaz (Salat) is a form of worshiping Allah Almighty which is performed a certain way. A person praying Namaz, stands facing Qibla (Holy Ka’aba) they recite verses from the Holy Quran and bow down before Allah. They praise Allah, and they pray Durood (blessings) for our Holy Prophet.
Q) How many times a day do we pray Namaz?
A) Namaz is prayed five times a day.
Q) What are the names for these five Namaz?
A) Fajr, Zohr, Asr, Maghrib and Isha.
Q) When is the Fajr Namaz preyed?
A) From the break of dawn until the beginning of sunrise
Q) When Zohr Namaz prayed?
A) Zohr Namaz is prayed from after midday until the beginning time of Asr Namaz.
Q) When is Asr Namaz prayed?
A) Asr Namaz is prayed from late-afternoon until sunset.
Q) When is Maghrib Namaz prayed?
A) Maghrib Namaz is prayed from sunset, upto a maximum of One and Quarter hours.
Q) When is Isha Namaz prayed?
A) Isha Namaz is prayed after Maghrib time has lapsed upto the beginning of Fajr time.
Q) What is the process called when one washes their hands, face, feet and pass water over their hair?
A) This process is called WUZU (Ablution)
Q) How is Wuzu performed?
A) Wuzu is performed in the following way:
I) Pray Bismillah then perform Miswak (a five inch wooden stick) by rubbing over your teeth if this is not available then use your index finger.
ii) Wash both hands up to your wrists three times (first right then left)
iii) Then perform a gargle by washing your mouth out three times (using your right hand).
iv) Then pass water into your nose with your left hand little finger in right nostril and left hand thumb in left nostril, this is done three times.
v) Wash your face thoroughly by gathering water in both your palms (form a cup) and start at top of your forehead where hair has the bottom of our chin, this is also done three times.
vi) Wash your right arm up to and including your elbow, and ensure water passes through your fingers and pass your arms and not the other way round. Perform three times and do same to your left arm three times.
vii) Perform masah (wiping) by wetting your fingers on both hands and then using three fingers (small, next and middle) on the both hands rub over your hair from forehead to back of neck. Use your index finger in each hand to clean your ears (right finger to clean right ear and left finger to clean the left ear). Use your thumbs to clean back of your ears. Clean each side of your neck by passing the back of your hand over it. This Masah is only done ONCE.
ix) Wash you feet upto and including the ankles making sure that water passes every gap between your toes. Perform this three times with right and then left.
x) Look up to the sky and pray ASHHADUAN LA’ILA HA ILLALLAHO MUHAMMAD-DUR’RASOOLULLAH and the lnna Anzalna surat .
Q) What is the purpose of Wuzu?
A) The purpose of Wuzu is to ensure that you clean all parts mentioned, and it is important that you get plenty of water over the parts that you are washing.
Q) If a part of your body, that you are washing whilst doing Wuzu gets wet, but water does not drip from that, then does that Wuzu count?
A) No, if this happens Wuzu will not count. As well as wetting certain parts of your body (which have been mentioned) water must drip from those parts.
Q) At the time of Namaz, a man stands and calls people to prayer, what is this called?
A) This called the Azaan.
Q) What is the method of praying the Azaan?
A) Azaan is performed in the following manner after performing ablution (Wuzu). The person praying Azaan stands in a high place facing the Qibla putting both index fingers in the ears (right ear, left index finger in left ear) and praying in a loud and clear voice.
Q) What is the dua prayed after hearing the Azaan?
A) ALLAHUMMA RABBA HAA’ZIHID DA’WATT’IT TAA’MATEH WA SALAATIL QAA’IMAH TIH AATE SAYYEDINA MUHAMMADNIL WASEELATA WALFAZEELATH WADARAJATR RAFEEATAH WAB’AS HO MAKAAMU M M AHMOODA’NILAZIH WA’ATTAHO WARZUKNA SHAFA’ATAHO YAWMAL QIYAAMAT’E INNAKA LATUKHLIFUL MI’AAD.
Click here for Dua of Azan for Audio and Arabic text
Q) A short while after Azaan, people pray something else in loud
voice, what is this called?
A) This is called Tasweeb and Salat.
Q) What are the words prayed for Tasweeb and Salat?
A) There are no specific words which have been Islamic law. One can pray any words which are appropriate. These days the Durood Sharif is used quite commonly.
Q) Before the Namaz commences, one man stands in the first row and prays something in loud voice. What is this called?
A) The words of Takbeer are exactly the same as the words used in Azaan.
There is only on slight difference and that is after HAAYAA ALAL FALAAH the words QUDQAAMATIS SALAAT are prayed twice in addition.
Q) When listening to the Takbeer should a person be sat down or stood up?
A) Takbeer should be listened to whi8lst sitting down, but when the person praying HAYYA ALAL FALAAH, then everyone should stand.
Q) What do you call a parson who prays the Azaan?
A) He is called a Mu’azzin.
Q) What do you call a person who prays the Takbeer?
A) He is called the Mukabbir.
Q) What do you call someone who prays Namaz on their own?
A) They are called a Munfarid (alone)
Q) When everyone prays Namaz together what is this called?
A) When people who pray Namaz together this is called Jamaat.
Q) What do you call the person who leads the Namaz?
A) The person who leads the Namaz is called an Imam.
Q) What is the name given to those who pray behind the Imam?
A) They are called Muqtadee.
Q) What is the name given to the position when you stand up from Rukooh?
A) It is called Quwmah.
Q) What is the name given to the sitting position when you come out from sijdah?
A) The sitting position in between the Sijdahs is called jalsa and the sitting position when praying Attahiyat is called Qaida.
Q) Should Bismillah be prayed before Attahiyat?
A) No.
Q) Should the Muktadee pray Ta’awwuz and Tasmeeh when he is praying behind the Imam?
A) The Muktadeeh should only pray Sanah, when he is hehind the Imam and then remain silent. He should not pray Ta’awwuz or Tasmeeh; neither should he pray Surah Fatiha or any other Surat.
Q) Should the Muktadeeh pray ‘Sami Allaho liman hamidah’ when rising from Rukooh?
A) No, but he should pray Rabbana lakal hamd’ after rising from Rukooh.
Q) After Namaz, what do people pray whilst counting on their fingers?
A) They pray, Subhanallah 33 times, Allhamdolillah 33 times and Allaho Akbar 34 times. There is a lot of sawab (reward) for praying this.

 

Part 2:

Q. What is the religion of Islam?
A. Islam is that path upon which Allah can be recognized.

Q. How can a person find this path?
A. This path can be found by means of the messengers of Allah
Q. How many pillars of Islam are there?
A. There are five pillars of Islam.
Q. what are these?
A. they are as follows
1. To state “Kalima Shahadat” by the tongue and accept it by heart.
2. To perform Namaz
3. To give Zakat.
4. To fast in the month of Ramadan.
5. To perform hajj.
Q. What is the “Kalima shahadat” and what does it mean?
A. This is Kalima Shahadat:
“Ash hado al la ila ha illAllah o wahdaho la sharika lahoo wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan ab du hu wa Rasooluh”.
Meaning:” I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is his beloved servant and messenger.”
Q. If person prays the Kalima Shahadat by his tongue but does not believe it in his heart then is that person a Muslim?
A. A person like this is never a Muslim.
Q. What is ‘Iman’?
A. To believe all the things brought by our Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam from Allah is called Imaan.
Q. How many things should a Muslim believe in; which are compulsory?
A. There are seven things to believe in, these are mentioned in “Imaan Mufassal”
Amanto billahi wamala ikatihee wakutoobihi wa rusoolihi walyawmil akhiri wal qadri khayrihi washarrihi minAllah I Ta’ala walba’si ba’dal maut”

“I have believe in Allah, his Angels, his Books, his Messengers, on the day of judgment, and that goodness and non good things of destiny are all from Allah, and I also believe in being raised from the dead by Allah”.
Q. What is kufr?
A. To disbelieve in any of the things that are compulsory to believe in Islam.

Allah

Q. Regarding to Allah what should we believe?
A. Allah is one, pure, and clean from all defects. He is the only one worthy of worship. He has no beginning nor does he have an end. He has no partner.
The earth, sky, stars, sun, everything was created by him alone, and he is the master of all things. He has the ability to make a person rich or poor. He gives things life and death by his command. He is pure from and relations e.g. Father, mother, son, daughter, etc. He does face or body nothing is like Him, he is free from any position or place.
Q. Can we say Allah Miya?
A. No Allah miya should not be said.
Q. Who’s names are “Khaliq, Razzaq, Rahman”?
A. These names are all of Allah
Q. If people have names such as “Abdul Haq or Abdul Razzaq or Abdur Rahman or Abdul Qayyum can we call these people by names such as “Haq, Razzaq, Rahman, Qayyum ?
A. To do this is Haram (strictly forbidden)

The Angels of Allah

Q. What are angels?
A. Like mankind, angels are a. creation of Allah , but they are made of light. They are not of man or women. They do not eat or drink. They perform all the duties that Allah has given them.
Some angels write down a person’s good and bad dead in their graves; and some angels take Durood Sharif to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
Q) What are the names of those angels who write down our good and bad deeds?
A. They are called “Kiraman and Katibeen”.
Q. What do we call them angels who ask questions to the dead in their graves?
A. They are called “Munkar and Nakeer”
Q. How many angels are there?
A. There are countless angels of Allah. The total amounts of angels are know by Allah and by revelation his Prophet (peace be upon him) but there are four popular angels.
Q. Can you name these four angels?
A. 1.”Hazrat Jibraeel” (Peace be on him) who passes the messages of Allah to his messengers.
2. “Hazrat Israfeel” (peace be on him) who is blow the horn on the day of judgment.
3. “Hazrat Mikaeel” (peace be on him)
who is controlling the rainfall and sending wealth.
4. “Hazrat Izraeel” (peace on him) who has a duty of taking out souls of living things.

THE BOOKS OF ALLAH

Q. How many books are there of Allah?
A. Allah has sent down a great deal of books the larger books were called Kitabs, and the smaller books were called Sahigas. However, there four very popular Kitabs.
Q. What are thes4e four Kitabs Called and upon whom were they revealed to?
A. 1. Tauret, revealed to Hazrat Musa (peace be upon him)
2. Zaboor, revealed to Hazrat Da’ud (peace be upon him)
3. Injeel, revealed to Hazrat Eisa (peace be upon him)
4. Quran, revealed to Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa Sallallaho Alaihi Wasallam
Q. Are these books still available today?
A. All the books are available. However, apart form the Holy Quran the rest have been altered and tampered by the Jews and Christians and the originals cannot be obtained.
Q. Has the Holy Quran been tampered with?
A. No, definitely not. it is unaltered from the time of the Holy Prophet and will remain so, until the day of Qayamat.
Q. How can there be no change in the Holy Quran?
A. Because Allah has taken sole responsibility to protect it, no person can alter it.
Q. How many Sahifas have been revealed and to which messengers?
A. The total amount of Sahifas (booklets) are only known by Allah and by revealing, his Prophet. However some Sahifas were revealed to Hazrat Adam (peace be on him) some to Hazrat Shees(peace be on him) some to Hazrat Ibrahim (peace be on him) apart from these, there are still others too.

Rasool and Nabi (Messengers and Prophets)

Q. Who are Rasool and Nabi?
A. Rasool and Nabi are the beloved servants of Allah, and they are human. Allah has sent them down for the guidance of the people. They preach the command of Allah to His people. They show miracles and speak of things unseen (ghaib) they never lie, and are pure from all sins.
Q. Are angels Nabis too?
A. No. Nabis are human beings only.
Q. How many Nabis are there?
A. More or less than 124.000 or more or less 224.000. The correct number is known to Allah and by his showing our Holy Prophet (peace be upon him.)
Q. Who was the first Prophet?
A. Hazrat Adam (peace be upon him)
Q. Who was the last Prophet?
A. Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (peace be on him)
Q. Are there going to be any Nabis now?
A. There will be no Nabi now. This is because our holy Prophet (peace be upon him) is the seal of the prophets. If a person doubts this, then he is a Kafir
Q. Who is the highest ranked, of the Rasools?
A. The most highest ranked of all the Rasools and Nabis is our Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (peace be upon him). After Allah, he has the highest rank.
Q. Can we write (S.A.W) after the name of a Prophet?
A. The full Durood, peace be upon him should be written, to write (p.b.u.h.) (s.a.w.) Etc. is Haram.

Part 3:

Qayamat

Q. Which day do we call Qayamt?
A. Qayamat is the day when all man, animals, earth, skies, mountain, everything will be destroyed. Only Allah will remain.
Q. How will everything be destroyed?
A. Hazrat Israfeel (peace be on him) will blow the soor. From the sound of it everybody, everything will be destroyed, Even Hazrat Israfeel and his horn will be destroyed.
Q. What is a soor?
A Soor is a thing similar to that of a horn of an animal.
Q. When will Qayamat come?
A. The correct time for Qayamat is known by Allah and his showing, the Prophet (peace be upon him). All we know is that it will be upon the 10th of moharram, and that the day will be a Friday. However our Prophet (peace be upon him) has given us a great deal of sings for Qayamat. By seeing these signs the near time of Qayamat can be known.
Q. Can you mention a few signs of Qayamat?
A. There will be a great deal of sins done. People will openly do Haram acts, people will be cruel to there parents and be friendly with others, rich people will find it difficult to give Zakat, the knowledge of Islam will be studied for worldly luxuries, there will be a great increase in dance and music, bad people will be the leaders of the public, the once poorest people will be living in massive buildings and will have money, there will be massive earthquakes.

Taqdeer (Destiny)

Q. What is Taqdeer (Destiny)?
A. What ever happens in this world and what good or bad, people do. Allah has written this down from the very beginning. This is Taqdeer.
Q. Does this mean that whatever Allah has written down, is compulsory for us to do?
A. No! Allah has already written down what we are going to do. If bad deeds were written in a person’s destiny, this is because he/she will do sins in this world. If he/she was going to do good deeds then reward would be written down in his destiny.

Rising after being dead

Q. What do we mean by “rising after dead”?
A. After the day of Qayamat, when everything will be destroyed. When Allah wishes he will create Hazrat Israfeel and his horn. When the horn is blown the second time everything will be raised, and they will go to the field of Hashr. There will be an account for every person for their good and bad deeds and they will be rewarded according to this, i.e. Good people will go to Jannat (paradise), and bad people will go to Jahannum (hell).
Q. If every person believes in everything in Iman –Mufassal by his tongue and heart but does not perform Namaz, Roza, Zakat, or Hajj is he still counted as a Muslim?
A. He is a Muslim but such a person is a grave sinner, and against the command of Allah. Such a person is Fasiq and Fajir (wrongdoer)
Q. If a person prays Namaz, Fasts etc. And believes everything of Iman-Mufassal but is insulting and be rude to the Prophet (peace be upon him) is this person a Muslim?
A. No! Such a person is a Kafir (infidel) and murtad (apostate)
Q. If a person does not insult the Prophet but purposely believes that those who insult the Prophet are Muslim. Is such a Person regarded as a Muslim?
A. No! This person too is a Kafir and Murtad (renegade)

Chapter of action

Namaz

Q. What things are necessary before starting Namaz?
A. Before starting Namaz seven conditions need to be fulfilled.
Q. What are these seven conditions?
A. 1. The body has to be clean.
2. The clothes have to be clean.
3. The place of praying Namaz has to be clean.
4. Satr-e-awrat(covering the body)
5. It should be the time of praying Namaz
6. To face the Qibla.
7. To make the niyat (intention) for Namaz. These seven things are called “sharait-e-namaz”

The first necessary condition of Namaz

Q. What do we mean by keeping the body clean?
A. There should be no sign of ‘Najasat Haqiqiya’, or ‘Najasat Hukmi’
Q. How many types of impurities (Najasats) are there?
A. There are two types of impurities, one is ‘Najasat Haqiqiya’ and the other one is Najasat Hukmi.
Q. What is Najasat Haqiqiya?
A. This is an impurity which can be seen directly e.g. Urine, blood etc.
Q. What is Najasat Hukmi?
A. This is an impurity which cannot be seen directly, but is known because of the Islamic law, e.g. Those situations which makes it compulsory for a person to perform bathing or Wuzu.
There are two types of Najasat Hukmi,
1. Hadath-e-Asgar. (Small)
2. Hadath-e-Akbar. (large)
Q. How does the body become clean from hadath-e-Asgar?
A. When person performs Wuzu.

Wuzu

Q. What is Wuzu?
A. To wash both hands up till the wrists
To wash the mouth.
To wash the inside of the nose.
To wash the whole face.
To wash both arms including the elbows
To wipe the head with wet hands (masah).
To wash both feet up to the ankles. This is called Wuzu
Q. Are all the these things necessary in Wuzu?
A. No. Only those things are necessary which we call Farz (compulsory). If a Farz is missed then Wuzu will not be made some things are Sunnat. If the Sunnat is missed then Wuzu is still performed. But if you do these Sunnats then the reward will be given and the reward would be greater.
Q. How many Farz (compulsory) are there in Wuzu?
A. There are four Farz of Wuzu
1. To wash the face, from the point where the hair starts to grow till the bottom of the chin, and from one earlobe to the other.
2. To wash both arms including the elbows.
3. To wipe your wet hands over one quarter of your head.
4. To wash both feet including the ankles.
Q. How many Sunnats are there in Wuzu?
A. There are sixteen Sunnats in Wuzu,
1 To perform niyyat (intention)for Wuzu
2 To say Bismillah
3 To wash both hands up to the wrists three times.
4 To perform miswaak (clean teeth via a stick)
5 To gargle three times by using the right hand.
6 To suck up water into the nose by using the right hand.
7 To clean the nose by using the left hand.
8 To pass fingers through the beard.
9 To pass the fingers through each other and through the toes.
10 To wash each part three times.
11 To pass the wet hand over the full head.
12 To wipe the outside of the ears.
13 To perform Wuzu in order.
14 To wipe those hairs of the beard which are outside the borings of the face.
15 To wash the parts of Wuzu one after the other. In other words before on part becomes dry wash the other
16 To stay away from those things which are Makrooh (disliked)
Q. How many Mustahabs (preferable) are there in Wuzu?
A. There are sixty five Mustahabs in Wuzu which are stated in the book Bahar-e-Shariat.
Q. What is Makrooh?
A. Makrooh are those things, which make Wuzu acceptable but incomplete.
Q. How many things are Makrooh in Wuzu?
A. There are 21 things that are Makrooh in Wuzu,
1 To perform Wuzu with water left over from another Wuzu.
2 To sit on an impure place during Wuzu.
3 To run the water of Wuzu on the impure place.
4 To perform Wuzu inside a Masque (Jamaat Khana)
5 To run the drops of water from the parts of Wuzu in to the bucket to water used.
6 To put mucus from the nose and mouth into the bucket of water used.
7 To spit or pour water from the nose or mouth in the direction of the Qibla.
8 To talk about worldly things without reason.
9 To use more water than necessary.
10 To use so little water that the Sunnats of Wuzu cannot be performed.
11 To splash water on to the face.
12 To blow when pouring water on to the face.
13 To wash the face by using one hand.
14 To wipe the throat with the hands.
15 To gargle or suck water into the nose by using the left hand.
16 To clean the nose by using the right hand
17 To have a container etc. Only for yourself.
18 To wipe the head three times each time washing the hands
19 To dry the parts of Wuzu (but this can be done in cold weather)
20 To do Wuzu by using water which has been warmed by the sun.
21 To deliberately miss a Sunnat.
Q. What things break Wuzu?
A. 1 To excrete
2 To pass urine.
3 For anything to come out of the urinal or anal passage.
4 To pass wind.
5 For blood or puss to come out and flow from a part of the body.
6 To vomit (a mouthful), food, water, or mucus.
7 To sleep in such a way that the joints of the body become loose.
8 To fall unconscious
9 To become mentally disabled.
10 To faint.
11 To be drunk in anything in such a way that it is difficult to wake properly.
12 To laugh loudly during Namaz in such a way that the people around you listen when you are performing any Namaz which has Rukooh and Sajda.
13 For water to run form a hurting eye.

Ghusl (bathing)

Q. How can we clean our body from Hadath-e-Akbar?
A. By performing ghusl, the body can become pure from Hadath-e-Akbar.
Q. What is ghusl?
A. To bathe is called Ghusl.
The Islamic way is to perform the intention of ghusl first.
Then:
Wash both hands to the wrist three times.
Wash the private parts of the body.
Wash any najast Haqiqiya (e.g. Urine) from any part of the body.
do wuzu like you do for Namaz but do not wash your feet. If you are on a bench etc. Then wash your feet as well.
Then massage water on your body like you massage oil.
Then pass water three times on your right shoulder.
Then pass water three times on your left shoulder.
Then pass water on your head and whole of the body three times
wipe your hand on the whole body. After ghusl, and drying, quickly put back on your clothes.
Q. How many Farz are there in ghusl?
A. There are three Farz in ghusl
1. To perform gargle i.e. To clean the mouth out thoroughly.
2. To wash the inside of the nose thoroughly.
3. To wash the whole body so that not a hair point is left dry.
Q. How many Sunnats are there in ghusl?
A. The Sunnats are ghusl are as follows;
1 To perform the intention of ghusl.
2 To wash both hands up to the wrists three times.
3 To wash the private parts of the body.
4 To wash those places on which there is Najasat (impurity).
5 To perform wuzu like Namaz.
6 To massage water up the body like oil.
7 To pour the water on the right shoulder then the left and then the head and after that pour water all over the body three times.
8 To pass the hands over the whole body and message the body.
9 Not to face the Qibla when performing ghusl. If performing ghusl you wear clothes then it is acceptable.
10 To perform ghusl in a place where you cannot be seen.
11 When performing ghusl you should not talk.
12 Not to pray anything.
13 It is Sunnat for the women to sit and do ghusl.
14 To get dressed quickly after ghusl.

 
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Posted by on September 19, 2008 in Uncategorized

 

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Do You Know This Book? Quran


 

It is impossible for the created to fully comprehend the Creator – so the Quran makes us aware of Him ..

By: M. Tahlawi
IslamiCity* –

When we want to talk about Islam as a way of life, it is a very difficult task especially in the West because of several misconceptions and stereotypes that are prevalent about Islam and Muslims.

One of the surprising facts for most non-Muslims is that Islam has over a billion followers all over the world. Islam has a revelation, a holy book, called the Quran which was revealed to the prophet Mohammed , about fourteen hundred years ago. The Quran is the last and final revelation until the end of human existence on earth.

When we talk about Islam or Christianity, we should not consider some Muslims’ and Christians’ wrongdoings as a way to judge Islam or Christianity.

As far as scripture goes, let us see what Dr. Maurice Bucaille said in his book “The Bible, the Quran and Science“, which was published by the American Trust Publications 1979:

“Thanks to its undisputed authenticity, the text of the Quran holds a unique place among the books of Revelation, shared neither by the Old nor the New Testament. In the first two sections of this work, a review was made of the alterations undergone by the Old Testament and the Gospels before they were handed down to us in the form we know today. The same is not true for the Quran for the simple reason that it was written down at the time of the prophet”.

Somebody with a counter argument might ask, “How would I know that the Quran is a revelation from Allah?” Do you have any evidence?”

I have evidence that the Quran is a revelation from Allah and this evidence is presented in the next few pages. When the revelation of the Quran commenced in 622 A.D., it was a linguistic miracle. The Quran has a challenge in it. The challenge is for anybody to produce some thing like or similar to the Quran.

This challenge was present in the Quran in Sura no. 17, verse no. 88 which is translated as follows:

” Say: If the whole of mankind and Jinn were together to produce the like of this Quran, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they back up each other with help and support.”

Years passed and nobody was able to meet the challenge. Later (after several years) the challenge in the Quran was eased asking for anyone to produce even ten Suras like those in it. This was in the Quran in Sura no. 11, verse no. 13 which is translated as follows:

” or they may say, “He forged it” Say, “Bring ye then ten Suras forged, like unto it, and call (to your aid) whomsoever ye can, other than Allah! If ye speak the truth”

Again years passed and nobody was able to successfully meet the challenge. Later the challenge was eased for the second time to produce one Sura like or similar to the Suras in the Quran. The challenge (to anyone) to produce one Sura was presented in the Quran in more than a Sura, one of them was in Sura no. 2, Verse no. 23 which is translated as follows:

“And if ye are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to Our servant, then produce a Sura like thereunto; and call your witnesses or helpers besides Allah, if what you say is true.”

Since then, more than fourteen hundred years have passed, and nobody has been able to meet the challenge, and nobody will, because the Quran is the only existing book containing the word of Allah which no man can match or imitate. The most eloquent people in the Arabic language spent years going over and searching the Quran, trying to find any weak or inadequate word or sentence, but they could not. They even went further, trying to find a way to substitute a word or a sentence in the Quran, hoping to convey a similar meaning as the original one, but they failed to do so.

As a result of this, many people, especially linguists, throughout the last fourteen hundred years believed in the Quran as a revelation beyond any human capacity.

In the beginning of the modern ages, some non-Muslims argued that the appreciation of the Arabic language has declined even among the native speakers themselves, and that most of the non-Muslims cannot speak Arabic. They conclude that the Quran will not stay till the end of the human existence on earth as a miracle.

This is not a valid argument because there are still millions of people all over the world who have a very good command of the Arabic language and who can appreciate the linguistic miracle of the Quran. But the Quran has something else for the modern ages. Some people have noticed that there are many facts about the science of astronomy, human reproduction and other scientific fields in the Quran.

Modern scientists have been amazed by the accuracy of scientific information presented in the Quran. Some people wrote books about this phenomenon which attracted the attention of many people in the west – both Muslims and Non- Muslims.

One of these books is a specialized book in embryology entitled The Developing Human by Dr. Keith L. Moore, published by W.B. Saunders, 1982. In the third edition of this book, Dr. Moore said:

“It is cited in the Koran, the holy book of the Muslims, that human beings are produced from a mixture of secretions from the male and the female. Several references are made to the creation of a human being from a sperm drop and it is also suggested that the resulting organism settles in the woman like a seed, six days after its beginning. (The human blastocyst begins to implant about six days after fertilization.) The Koran, (and prophet saying), also states that the sperm drop develops ‘into a clot of congealed blood’ (an implanted blastocyst or a spontaneously aborted conceptus would resemble a blood clot.) Reference is also made to the leech-like appearance of the embryo… “

This was part of what Dr. Moore wrote in his book. Later, after more research and study of the Quranic terms used to describe the development of the embryo in the mother’s womb and other related descriptions, Dr. Moore found that the Quranic terms and statements are amazing in their scientific accuracy.

Therefore, Dr. Moore decided to add a chapter to the next edition of his book to discuss the scientific accuracy of the Quranic version, which was revealed fourteen hundred years ago. In the seventh Saudi Medical Meeting, Dr. Moore wrote a paper about human embryology in the Quran and the Hadith. He said in the paper: “I was amazed at the scientific accuracy of these statements (in the Quran), which were made in the 7th century A.D.”

Now the question is: if the Quran describes these scientific facts with great accuracy, how could it be a human work? Let us see what Dr. Maurice Bucaille said after he had read the Quran:

“My first goal was to read the Quran and to make a sentence by sentence analysis of it… my approach was to pay special attention to the description of numerous natural phenomena given in the Quran; the highly accurate nature of certain details referring to them in the Book, which was only apparent in the original, struck me by the fact that they were in keeping with present-day ideas although a man living at the time of Mohammed couldn’t have suspected this at all…what initially strikes the reader confronted for the first time with a text of this kind is the sheer abundance of subjects discussed… whereas monumental errors are to be found in the Bible I could not find a single error in the Quran. I had to stop and ask myself: if a man was the author of the Quran how could he have written facts in the seventh century A.D. that today are shown to be in keeping with modern scientific knowledge?… What human explanation can there be to this observation? In my opinion there is no explanation; there is no special reason why an inhabitant of the Arabian Peninsula should have had scientific knowledge on certain subjects that was ten centuries ahead… It is an established fact that at the time of the Quranic Revelation, i.e. within a period of roughly twenty three years straddling Hegira (622 A.D.), scientific knowledge had not progressed for centuries and the period of activity in Islamic civilization, with its accompanying scientific upsurge, came after the close of the Quranic revelation.”

In addition to what Dr. Bucaille said, there are more examples from different scientific fields other than embryology.

When I searched the Quran for verses which refer to scientific facts, I found a large number of such verses. I will try to give as many examples as the space permits.

The Quran states several facts about astronomy which were discovered in the late twentieth century. One of these facts is about the expansion of the universe. Let us see what Dr. Bucaille said about that:

“The expansion of the universe is the most imposing discovery of modern science today. It is a firmly established concept and the only debate centres around the way this is taking place. It was first suggested by the general theory of relativity and is backed up by physics in the examination of the galactic spectrum; the regular movement towards the red section of their spectrum may be explained by the distancing of one galaxy from another. Thus the size of the Universe is probably constantly increasing and this increase will become bigger the further away the galaxies are from us. The speeds at which these celestial bodies are moving may, in the course of this perpetual expansion, go from fractions of the speed of light to speeds faster than this.”

The following Verse of the Quran Sura 51, verse 47 where God is speaking, may perhaps be compared with modern ideas;

“The heaven, we have built it with power. Verily we are expanding it.”

“Heaven” is the translation of the word “sama” and this is exactly the extraterrestrial world that is meant. “We are expanding it” is the translation of the plural present participle “musi’una” of the verb “aus’a” meaning “to make wider, more spacious, to extend, to expand”.

Another example from a different scientific field is about the living things in general which we can find in more than one verse in the Quran. For example Sura 21, Verse 30 was chosen by Dr. Bucaille to present how the Quran talked about these scientific facts. The Verse is translated as follows:

“Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together, then we clove them asunder and we got every living thing out of the water. Will they then not believe?”

The notion of “getting something out of something” does not give rise to any doubts. The phrase can equally mean that every living thing was made of water (as its essential component) or that every living thing originated in water. The two possible meanings are strictly in accordance with scientific data. Life is in fact of aquatic origin and water is the major component of all living cells. Without water, life is not possible. When the possibility of life on another planet is discussed, the first question is always: does it contain a sufficient quantity of water to support life?

From the Animal Kingdom there are so many facts stated in the Quran. One of these facts is about the source of the constituents of animal milk which has been described in the Quran fourteen hundred years before. It has been understood only in recent times. Let us see how Dr. Bucaille explained that when he made comments on Sura 16, Verse 66 which is translated as follows:

“Verily, in cattle there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of what is inside their bodies, coming from a conjunction between the contents of the intestine and the blood, a milk pure and pleasant for those who drink it.”

“From a scientific point of view, physiological notions must be called upon to grasp the meaning of this verse. The substances that ensure the general nutrition of the body come from chemical transformations which occur along the length of the digestive tract. These substances come from the contents of the intestine. On arrival in the intestine at the appropriate stage of chemical transformation, they pass through its wall and towards the systematic circulation. This passage is effected in two ways: either directly, by what are called the Lymphatic vessels’, or indirectly, by the portal circulation. This conducts them first to the liver, where they undergo alterations, and from here they then emerge to join the systematic circulation. In this way every thing passes through the blood-stream.. The constituents of milk are secreted by the mammary glands. These are nourished, as it were, by the product of food digestion brought to them via the bloodstream. Blood therefore plays the role of collector and conductor of what has been extracted from food, and it brings nutrition to the mammary glands, the producers of milk, as it does to any other organ. Here the initial process which sets everything else in motion is the bringing together of the contents of the intestine and blood at the level of the intestinal wall itself. This very precise concept is the result of the discoveries made in the chemistry and physiology of the digestive system. It was totally unknown at the time of the Prophet Mohammed and has been understood only in recent times. The discovery of the circulation of the blood, was made by Harvey roughly ten centuries after the Quranic Revelation. I consider that the existence in the Quran of the verse referring to these concepts can have no human explanation on account of the period in which they were formulated.”

The last example I would cite from Dr. Bucaille’s book is what I consider a very interesting one, because this example illustrates where the Quran showed the people facts that have not even been discovered without the help of the information given in the Quran. This example is about the story of the Pharaoh and Moses which was presented in the Quran in more than one Sura.

The Verses which inspire Dr. Bucaille to do the research around this incident are in Sura 10: Verse 90, 91 & 92, which mean as follows:

“We (Allah) took the children of Israel across the sea. Pharaoh with his hosts pursued them in rebellion and hostility till, when the fact of his drowning overtook him he said: I believe there is no True God except the God in whom the Children of Israel believe. I am of those who submit themselves to Him. (It was said to him) ‘Now! Thou has rebelled and caused depravity: This day we save thee in the body so that thou mayest be a sign for those who come after thee’ But verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our signs.”

This is what the Holy Quran said about the story of Moses and the Pharaoh and the sign Allah left for the people who come after the Pharaoh to see who has a revelation from Allah and who does not have. Let us hear from Dr. Bucaille how he conducted research to verify this Quranic story:

“In June 1975, the Egyptian high authorities very kindly allowed me to examine the parts of the Pharaoh’s body that had been covered until then. They also allowed me to take photographs… What may already be derived from this examination is the discovery of multiple lesions of the bones with broad lacunae, some of which may have been mortal although it is not yet possible to ascertain whether some of them occurred before or after the Pharaoh’s death. He most probably died either from drowning, according to the scriptural narrations, or from very violent shocks preceding the moment when he was drowned or both at once. The connection of these lesions with the deterioration whose sources have been mentioned above renders the correct preservation of the mummy of the Pharaoh somewhat problematical, unless precautionary and restorative measures are not taken very soon. These measures should ensure that the only concrete evidence which we still possess today concerning the death of the Pharaoh of the Exodus and the rescue of his body, willed by God; does not disappear with the passage of time. It is always desirable for man to apply himself to the preservation of relics of his history, but here we have something which goes beyond that: it is the material presence of the mummified body of the man who knew Moses, resisted his pleas, pursued him as he took flight and lost his life in the process. His earthly remains were saved by the Will of God from destruction to become a sign to man, as it is written in the Quran.

Those who seek among modern data for proof of the veracity of the Holy Scriptures will find a magnificent illustration of the verses of the Quran dealing with the Pharaoh’s body by visiting the Royal Mummies Room of the Egyptian Museum, Cairo! “

These are a few examples just to illustrate what I am talking about in this booklet. There are over a hundred of these examples in several scientific fields in the Quran which all have been proven to be scientifically true, in this Book which was revealed fourteen hundred years ago. Anybody who would like to examine more of these concepts could read the Quran and find out for himself or, an interested person could get Dr. Bucaille’s book The Bible, The Quran and Science which is available in bookstores, and check the accuracy of what he referred to. Not only Dr. Bucaille and Dr. Moore, but many scholars have researched these concepts and a lot of this research was presented on September 23rd, 1985 in the conference which was held in Cairo under the title of “The Scientific Concepts in the Quran.”

Several papers were presented at the conference. One of the most interesting papers was from Dr. T.V. Persuade, a professor at the University of Manitoba, Canada, about human reproduction. Another interesting paper was presented by Dr. Marshal Johnson Ph.D., the Director of Daniel Baugh Institute, Philadelphia, USA, also about embryology in the Quran. Dr. Johnson said at the conference that he started to use the Quranic terms in teaching embryology to his students because they were more accurate and easier to learn than the terms in textbooks.

Dr. Arthur Elson from the City University in London, UK, stated that he was amazed by the scientific accuracy of the statements which had been made in the Quran. He had no doubt in his mind that these were not human words because these facts had just been discovered recently.

I would like to quote a Verse from the Quran which may sum up the purpose of having these scientific facts in the Quran as signs for the people.

The verse is from Sura 41, Verse 53 which is translated as follows:

“We (Allah ) will show them (the unbelievers) Our signs in the farthest regions, and within their own selves until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth.”

What is the Quran all about?

The Quran is written in beautiful prose that continues to be marveled at by the experts of the Arabic language. But it is not merely a literary masterpiece.The Quran contains scientific facts and explanations that fascinate scientists of all fields. But it is not an encyclopedia of science.

The Quran mentions stories of people and places in the past with vivid detail. But it is not merely a book of history.

So what is the Quran?

The Quran is a revelation from the Creator of this universe to all human beings. Its most important message is the Unity of God – that there is only One Supreme Being who has no partners and is not dependent on anyone or anything. He is the Creator of everything and the whole universe is in His control. He is the only One worthy of being worshipped.It is impossible for the created to fully comprehend the Creator – so the Quran makes us aware of Him by mentioning His Attributes. He is the most Merciful, the Loving, the Majestic, the Oft-Forgiving. The name that He has chosen for Himself is Allah.

In His infinite mercy, Allah has not left mankind to wander searching for the correct path. He has revealed the Quran which includes a code for all people to follow. Islam is not just a set of beliefs. It is a complete way of life which covers all spheres of human activity – the social, economic, political, educational as well as the spiritual. Islam enjoins good manners for every occasion and stresses treating people, particularly relatives and neighbors, with kindness. The family enjoys a high status in Islam – it is viewed as the nucleus of society.

Allah has also sent messengers to guide mankind to the truth and to be an example for others to emulate. Stories of these messengers starting from Adam and including those of Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, and ending with Mohammed (may peace be upon them all) are found in the Quran.

This final revelation from Allah to mankind has been safeguarded from any alteration. Since the Quran has been preserved in its original Arabic it has not lost any meaning in translation to another language. Millions of people from all parts of the world have memorized the complete Quran. So even if all printed copies of the Quran were destroyed it would continue to live in the hearts of these people.

What do Muslims believe?

There is only one God, Allah, who alone is worthy of being worshipped. Mankind has been guided at various times by the messengers of Allah of whom the most prominent were Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Mohammed. The final message was sent to the last prophet, Mohammed, which replaces all previous messages. None of the prophets claimed to be god or part-god – they were human and were obedient to Allah.

Finally, I want to inform you that Islam is the universal message of God to all mankind and prophet Mohammed is the last and final messenger of God. He said in the Gracious Quran which is translated as follows:

“And any one who chooses a way of life other than Islam (Submission to the One Lord of the worlds), it will not be accepted from him and in the hereafter he will be one of the losers.” (3:85)

 
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Posted by on December 25, 2007 in Articles

 

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The Amazing Quran


 

One’s faith grows as one continues to check and confirm the truths contained in the Qur’an ..

By: Gary Miller
IslamiCity* –

Calling the Qur’an amazing is not something done only by Muslims, who have an appreciation for the book and who are pleased with it; it has been labeled amazing by even by non-Muslims as well. One thing which surprises non-Muslims who are examining the book very closely is that the Qur’an does not appear to them to be what they expected. What they assume is that they have an old book which came fourteen centuries ago from the Arabian desert; and they expect that the book should look something like that – an old book from the desert. And then they find out that it does not resemble what they expected at all. Additionally, one of the first things that some people assume is that because it is an old book which comes from the desert, it should talk about the desert. Well the Qur’an does talk about the desert – some of its imagery describes the desert; but it also talks about the sea – what it’s like to be in a storm on the sea.

Some years ago, the story came to us in Toronto about a man who was in the merchant marine and made his living on the sea. A Muslim gave him a translation of the Qur’an to read. The merchant marine knew nothing about the history of Islam but was interested in reading the Qur’an. When he finished reading it, he brought it back to the Muslim and asked, “This Muhammed, was he a sailor?” He was impressed at how accurately the Qur’an describes a storm on a sea. When he was told, “No as a matter of fact, Muhammed lived in the desert,” that was enough for him. He embraced Islam on the spot. He was so impressed with the Qur’an’s description because he had been in a storm on the sea, and he knew that whoever had written that description had also been in a storm on the sea. The description of “a wave, over it a wave, over it clouds” was not what someone imagining a storm on a sea to be like would have written; rather, it was written by someone who knew what a storm on the sea was like. This is one example of how the Qur’an is not tied to a certain place and time. Certainly, the scientific ideas expressed in it also do not seem to originate from the desert fourteen centuries ago.

Many centuries before the onset of Muhammed’s prophethood, there was a well-known theory of atomism advanced by the Greek philosopher, Democritus. He and the people who came after him assumed that matter consists of tiny, indestructible, indivisible particles called atoms. The Arabs too, used to deal in the same concept; in fact, the Arabic word dharrah commonly referred to the smallest particle known to man. Now, modern science has discovered that this smallest unit of matter (i.e., the atom, which has all of the same properties as its element) can be split into its component parts. This is a new idea, a development of the last century; yet, interestingly enough, this information had already been documented in the Qur’an which states:

” He [i.e., Allah] is aware of an atom’s weight in the heavens and on the earth and even anything smaller than that…”

Undoubtedly, fourteen centuries ago that statement would have looked unusual, even to an Arab. For him, the dharrah was the smallest thing there was. Indeed, this is proof, that the Qur’an is not outdated.

Another example of what one might expect to find in an “old book” that touches upon the subject of health or medicine is outdated remedies or cures. Various historical sources state that the Prophet gave some advice about health and hygiene, yet most of these pieces of advice are not contained in the Qur’an. At first glance, to the non-Muslims this appears to be a negligent omission. They cannot understand why Allah would not “include” such helpful information in the Qur’an. Some Muslims attempt to explain this absence with the following argument: “Although the Prophet’s advice was sound and applicable to the time in which he lived, Allah, in His infinite wisdom, knew that there would come later medical and scientific advances which would make the Prophet’s advice appear outdated. When later discoveries occurred, people might say that such information contradicted that which the Prophet had given. Thus, since Allah would never allow any opportunity for the non-Muslims to claim that the Qur’an contradicts itself or the teachings of the Prophet, He only included in the Qur’an information and examples which could stand the test of time.”

However, when one examines the true realities of the Qur’an in terms of its existence as a divine revelation, the entire matter is quickly brought into its proper perspective, and the error in such argumentation becomes clear and understandable. It must be understood that the Qur’an is a divine revelation, and as such, all information in it is of divine origin. Allah revealed the Qur’an from Himself. It is the words of Allah, which existed before creation, and thus nothing can be added, subtracted or altered. In essence, the Qur’an existed and was complete before the creation of Prophet Muhammed, so it could not possibly contain any of the Prophet’s own words or advice. An inclusion of such information would clearly contradict the purpose for which the Qur’an exists, compromise its authority and render it inauthentic as a divine revelation.

Consequently, there was no “home remedies” in the Qur’an which one could claim to be outdated; nor does it contain any man’s view about what is beneficial to health, what food is best to eat, or what will cure this or that disease. In fact, the Qur’an only mentions one item dealing with medical treatment, and it is not in dispute by anyone. It states that in honey there is healing. And certainly, I do not think that there is anyone who will argue with that!

If one assumes that the Qur’an is the product of a man’s mind, then one would expect it to reflect some of what was going on in the mind of the man who “composed” it. In fact, certain encyclopedias and various books clam that the Qur’an was the product of hallucinations that Muhammed underwent. If these claims are true – if it indeed originated from some psychological problems in Muhammed’s mind – then evidence of this would be apparent in the Qur’an. Is there such evidence? In order to determine whether or not there is, one must first identify what things would have been going on in his mind at that time and then search for these thoughts and reflections in the Qur’an.

It is common knowledge that Muhammed had a very difficult life. All of his daughters died before him except one, and he had a wife of several years who was dear and important to him, who not only proceeded him in death at a very critical period of his life. As a matter of fact, she must have been quite a woman because when the first revelation came to him, he ran home to her afraid. Certainly, even today one would have a hard time trying to find an Arab who would tell you, “I was so afraid that I ran home to my wife.” They just aren’t that way. Yet Muhammed felt comfortable enough with his wife to be able to do that. That’s how influential and strong woman she was. Although these examples are only a few of the subjects that would have been on Muhammed’s mind, they are sufficient in intensity to prove my point. The Qur’an does not mention any of these things – not the death of his children, not the death of his beloved companion and wife, not his fear of the initial revelations, which he so beautifully shared with his wife – nothing; yet, these topics must have hurt him, bothered him, and caused him pain and grief during periods of his psychological reflections, then these subjects, as well as others, would be prevalent or at least mentioned throughout.

A truly scientific approach to the Qur’an is possible because the Qur’an offers something that is not offered by other religious scriptures, in particular, and other religions, in general. It is what scientists demand. Today there are many people who have ideas and theories about how the universe works. These people are all over the place, but the scientific community does not even bother to listen to them. This is because within the last century the scientific community has demanded a test of falsification. They say, “If you have theory, do not bother us with it unless you bring with that theory a way for us to prove whether you are wrong or not.”

Such a test was exactly why the scientific community listened to Einstein towards the beginning of the century. He came with a new theory and said, “I believe the universe works like this; and here are three ways to prove whether I am wrong!”. So the scientific community subjected his theory to the tests, and within six years it passed all three. Of course, this does not prove that he was great, but it proves that he deserved to be listened to because he said, “This is my idea; and if you want to try to prove me wrong, do this or try that.” This is exactly what the Qur’an has – falsification tests. Some are old (in that they have already been proven true), and some still exist today. Basically it states, “If this book is not what it claims to be, then all you have to do is this or this or this to prove that it is false.” Of course, in 1400 years no one has been able to do “This or this or this, ” and thus it is still considered true and authentic. I suggest to you that the next time you get into dispute with someone about Islam and he claims that he has the truth and that you are in darkness, you leave all other arguments at first and make this suggestion. Ask him, “Is there any falsification test in your religion? Is there anything in your religion that would prove you are wrong if I could prove to you that it exists – anything?” Well, I can promise right now that people will not have anything – no test, no proof, nothing! This is because they do not carry around the idea that they should not only present what they believe but should also offer others a chance to prove they’re wrong. However, Islam does that. A perfect example of how Islam provides man with a chance to verify it authenticity and “prove it wrong” occurs in the 4th chapter. And quiet honestly, I was surprised when I first discovered this challenge. It states:

“Do they not consider the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.”

This is a clear challenge to the non-Muslim. Basically, it invites him to find a mistake. As a matter of fact, the seriousness and difficulty of the challenge aside, the actual presentation of such a challenge in the first place is not even in human nature and is inconsistent with man’s personality. One doesn’t take an exam in school after finishing the exam, write a note to the instructor at the end saying, “This exam is perfect. There are no mistakes in it. Find one if you can!”. One just doesn’t do that. The teacher would not sleep until he found a mistake! And yet this is the way the Qur’an approaches people. Another interesting attitude that exists in the Qur’an repeatedly deals with its advice to the reader. The Qur’an informs that reader about different facts and then gives the advice: “If you want to know more about this or that, or if you doubt what is said, then you should ask those who have knowledge.” This too is a surprising attitude. It is not usual to have a book that comes from someone without training in geography, botany, biology, etc., who discusses these subjects and then advises the reader to ask men of knowledge if he doubts anything.

Yet in every age there have been Muslims who have followed the advice of the Qur’an and made surprising discoveries. If one looks to the works of Muslim scientists if many centuries ago, one will find them full of quotations from the Qur’an. These works state that they did research in such a place, looking for something. And they affirm that the reason they looked in such and such a place was that the Qur’an pointed them in that direction. For example, the Qur’an mentions man’s origin and then tells the reader, “Research it!” It gives the reader a hint where to look and then states that one should find out more about it. This is the kind of thing that Muslims today largely seem to overlook – but not always, as illustrated in the following example. A few years ago, a group of men in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia collected all if the verses in the Qur’an which discuss embryology – the growth of the human being in the womb. They said, “Here is what the Qur’an says. Is it the truth?” In essence, they took the advice of the Qur’an: “Ask the men who know.” They chose, as it happened, a non-Muslim who is a professor of embryology at the University of Toronto. His name is Keith Moore, and he is the author of textbooks on embryology – a world expert on the subject. They invited him to Riyadh and said, “This is what the Qur’an says about your subject. Is it true? What can you tell us?” While he was in Riyadh, they gave him all of the help that he needed in translation and all of the cooperation for which he asked. And he was so surprised at what he found that he changed his textbooks. In fact, in the second edition of one of his books, called Before we are born… in the second edition about the history of embryology, he included some material that was not in the first edition because of what he found in the Qur’an. Truly this illustrates that the Qur’an was ahead of its time and that those who believe in the Qur’an know what other people do not know.

I had the pleasure of interviewing Dr. Keith Moore for a television presentation, and we talked a great deal about this – it was illustrated by slides and so on. He mentioned that some of the things that the Qur’an states about the growth of the human being were not known until thirty years ago. In fact, he said that one item in particular – the Qur’an’s description of the human being as a “leech-like clot” (‘alaqah) at one stage – was new to him; but when he checked on it, he found that it was true, and so he added it to his book. He said, “I never thought of that before,” and he went to the zoology department and asked for a picture of a leech. When he found that it looked just like the human embryo, he decided to include both pictures in one of his textbooks. Dr. Moore also wrote a book on clinical embryology, and when he presented this information in Toronto, it caused quite a stir throughout Canada. It was on the front pages of some of the newspapers across Canada, and some of the headlines were quite funny. For instance, one headline read: “SURPRISING THING FOUND IN ANCIENT BOOK!”! It seems obvious from this example that people do not clearly understand what it is all about. As a matter of fact, one newspaper reporter asked Professor Moore, “Don’t you think That maybe the Arabs might have known about these things – the description of the embryo, its appearance and how it changes and grows? Maybe there were not scientists, but maybe they did something crude dissections on their own – carved up people and examined these things.”

The professor immediately pointed out to him that he [i.e., the reporter] had missed a very important point – all of the slides of the embryo that had been shown and had been projected in the film had come from pictures taken through a microscope. He said, “It does not matter if someone had tried to discover embryology fourteen centuries ago, they could not have seen it!”. All of the descriptions in the Qur’an of the appearance of the embryo are of the item when it is still too small to see with the eye; therefore, one needs a microscope to see it. Since such a device had only been around for little more than two hundred years, Dr. Moore taunted, “Maybe fourteen centuries ago someone secretly had a microscope and did this research, making no mistakes anywhere. Then he somehow taught Muhammad and convinced him to put this information in his book. Then he destroyed his equipment and kept it a secret forever. Do you believe that? You really should not unless you bring some proof because it is such a ridiculous theory.” In fact, when he was asked “How do you explain this information in the Qur’an?” Dr. Moore’s reply was, “It could only have been divinely revealed.”!

Although the aforementioned example of man researching information contained in the Qur’an deals with a non-Muslim, it is still valid because he is one of those who is knowledgeable in the subject being researched. Had some layman claimed that what the Qur’an says about embryology is true, then one would not necessarily have to accept his word. However, because of the high position, respect, and esteem man gives scholars, one naturally assumes that if they research a subject and arrive at a conclusion based on that research, then the conclusion is valid. One of Professor Moore’s colleagues, Marshall Johnson, deals extensively with geology at the University of Toronto.

He became very interested in the fact that the Qur’an’s statements about embryology are accurate, and so he asked Muslims to collect everything contained in the Qur’an which deals with his specialty. Again people were very surprised at the findings. Since there are a vast number subjects discussed in the Qur’an, it would certainly require a large amount of time to exhaust each subject. It suffices for the purpose of this discussion to state that the Qur’an makes very clear and concise statements about various subjects while simultaneously advising the reader to verify the authenticity of these statements with research by scholars in those subjects. And as illustrated by the Qur’an has clearly emerged authentic. Undoubtedly, there is an attitude in the Qur’an which is not found anywhere else. It is interesting how when the Qur’an provides information, it often tells the reader, “You did not know this before.” Indeed, there is no scripture that exists which makes that claim. All of the other ancient writings and scriptures that people have, do give a lot of information, but they always state where the information came from.

For example, when the Bible discusses ancient history, it states that this king lived here, this one fought in a certain battle, another one had so may sons, etc. Yet it always stipulates that if you want more information, then you should read the book of so and so because that is where the information came from. In contrast to this concept, the Qur’an provides the reader with information and states that this information is something new. Of course, there always exists the advice to research the information provided and verify its authenticity. It is interesting that such a concept was never challenged by non-Muslims fourteen centuries ago. Indeed, the Makkans who hated the Muslims, and time and time again they heard such revelations claiming to bring new information; yet, they never spoke up and said, “This is not new. We know where Muhammad got this information. We learned this at school.”

They could never challenge its authenticity because it really was new! In concurrence with the advice given in the Qur’an to research information (even if it is new), when ‘Umar was caliph, he chose a group of men and sent them to find the wall of Dhul-Qarnayn. Before the Qur’anic revelation, the Arabs had never heard of such a wall, but because the Qur’an described it, they were able to discover it. As a matter of fact, it is now located in what is called Durbend in the Soviet Union. It must be stressed here that the Qur’an is accurate about many, many things, but accuracy does not necessarily mean that a book is a divine revelation. In fact, accuracy is only one of the criteria for divine revelations.

For instance, the telephone book is accurate, but that does not mean that it is divinely revealed. The real problem lies in that one must establish some proof of the source the Qur’an’s information. The emphasis is on the reader. One cannot simply deny the Qur’an’s authenticity without sufficient proof. If, indeed, one finds a mistake, then he has the right to disqualify it. This is exactly what the Qur’an encourages. Once a man came up to me after a lecture I delivered in South Africa. He was very angry about what I had said, and so he claimed, “I am going to go home tonight and find a mistake in the Qur’an.” Of course, I said, “Congratulations. That is the most intelligent thing that you have said.” Certainly, this is the approach Muslims need to take with those who doubt the Qur’an’s authenticity, because the Qur’an itself offers the same challenge. An inevitably, after accepting it’s challenge and discovering that it is true, these people will come to believe it because they could not disqualify it. In essence, the Qur’an earns their respect because they themselves have had to verify its authenticity. An essential fact that cannot be reiterated enough concerning the authenticity of the Qur’an is that one’s inability to explain a phenomenon himself does not require his acceptance of the phenomenon’s existence or another person’s explanation of it.

Specifically, just because one cannot explain something does not mean that one has to accept someone else’s explanation. However, the person’s refusal of other explanations reverts the burden of proof back on himself to find a feasible answer. This general theory applies to numerous concepts in life, but fits most wonderfully with the Qur’anic challenge, for it creates a difficulty for one who says, “I do not believe it.” At the onset of refusal one immediately has an obligation to find an explanation himself if he feels others’ answers are inadequate. In fact, in one particular Qur’anic verse which I have always seen mistranslated into English, Allah mentions a man who heard the truth explained to him. It states that he was derelict in his duty because after he heard the information, he left without checking the verity of what he had heard. In other words, one is guilty if he hears something and does not research it and check to see whether it is true. One is supposed to process all information and decide what is garbage to be thrown out and what is worthwhile information to be kept and benefited from at a later date. One cannot just let it rattle around in his head. It must be put in the proper categories and approached from that point of view. For example, if the information is still speculatory, then one must discern whether it’s closer to being true or false. But if all of the facts have been presented, then one must decide absolutely between these two options. And even if one is not positive about the authenticity of the information, he is still required to process all of the information and make the admission that he just does not know for sure. Although this last point appears to be futile, in actuality, it is beneficial to the arrival at a positive conclusion at a later time in that it forces the person to at least recognize, research and review the facts. This familiarity with the information will give the person “the edge” when future discoveries are made and additional information is presented. The important thing is that one deals with the facts and does not simply discard them out of empathy and disinterest.

The real certainty about the truthfulness of the Qur’an is evident in the confidence which is prevalent throughout it; and this confidence comes from a different approach – “Exhausting the Alternatives.” In essence, the Qur’an states, “This book is a divine revelation; if you do not believe that, then what is it?” In other words, the reader is challenged to come up with some other explanation. Here is a book made of paper and ink. Where did it come from? It says it is a divine revelation; if it is not, then what is its source? The interesting fact is that no one has with an explanation that works. In fact, all alternatives have bee exhausted. As has been well established by non-Muslims, these alternatives basically are reduces to two mutually exclusive schools of thought, insisting on one or the other. On one hand, there exists a large group of people who have researched the Qur’an for hundreds of years and who claim, “One thing we know for sure – that man, Muhammad, thought he was a prophet. He was crazy!” They are convinced that Muhammad (SAW) was fooled somehow. Then on the other hand, there is another group which alleges, “Because of this evidence, one thing we know for sure is that that man, Muhammad, was a liar!” Ironically, these two groups never seem to get together without contradicting. In fact, many references on Islam usually claim both theories. They start out by saying that Muhammad (SAW) was crazy and then end by saying that he was a liar. They never seem to realize that he could not have been both!

For example, if one is deluded and really thinks that he is a prophet, then he does not sit up late at night planning, “How will I fool the people tomorrow so that they think I am a prophet?” He truly believes that he is a prophet, and he trusts that the answer will be given to him by revelation. As a matter of fact, a great deal of the Qur’an came in answer to questions. Someone would ask Muhammad (SAW) a question, and the revelation would come with the answer to it. Certainly, if one is crazy and believes that an angel put words in his ear, then when someone asks him a question, he thinks that the angel will give him the answer. Because he is crazy, he really thinks that. He does not tell someone to wait a short while and then run to his friends and ask them, “Does anyone know the answer?” This type of behavior is characteristic of one who does not believe that he is a prophet. What the non-Muslims refuse to accept is that you cannot have it both ways. One can be deluded, or he can be a liar. He can be either one or neither, but he certainly cannot be both! The emphasis is on the fact that they are unquestionably mutually exclusive personal traits.

The following scenario is a good example of the kind of circle that non-Muslims go around in constantly. If you ask one of them, “What is the origin of the Qur’an?” He tells you that it originated from the mind of a man who was crazy. Then you ask him, “If it came from his head, then where did he get the information contained in it? Certainly the Qur’an mentions many things with which the Arabs were not familiar.” So in order to explain the fact which you bring him, he changes his position and says, “Well, maybe he was not crazy. Maybe some foreigner brought him the information. So he lied and told people that he was a prophet.” At this point then you have to ask him, “If Muhammad was a liar, then where did he get his confidence? Why did he behave as though he really thought he was a prophet?” Finally backed into a corner, like a cat he quickly lashes out with the first response that comes to his mind. Forgetting that he has already exhausted that possibility, he claims, “Well, maybe he wasn’t a liar. He was probably crazy and really thought that he was a prophet.” And thus he begins the futile circle again.

As has already been mentioned, there is much information contained in the Qur’an whose source cannot be attributed to anyone other than Allah. For example, who told Muhammad about the wall of Dhul-Qarnayn – a place hundreds of miles to the north? Who told him about embryology? When people assemble facts such as these, if they are not willing to attribute their existence to a divine source, they automatically resort to the assumption someone brought Muhammad the information and that he used it to fool the people. However, this theory can easily be disproved with one simple question: “If Muhammad was a liar, where did he get his confidence? Why did he tell some people out right to their face what others could never say?” Such confidence depends completely upon being convinced that one has a true divine revelation. For example, the Prophet (SAW) had an uncle by the name of Abu Lahab. This man hated Islam to such an extent that he used to follow the Prophet around in order to discredit him. If Abu Lahab saw the Prophet (SAW) speaking to a stranger, he would wait until they parted and then would go to the stranger and ask him, “What did he tell you? Did he say, ‘Black.’? Well, it’s white. Did he say, ‘Morning.’? Well, it’s night.” He faithfully said the exact opposite of whatever he heard Muhammad (SAW) and the Muslims say. However, about ten years before Abu Lahab died, a little chapter in the Qur’an was revealed to him. It distinctly stated that he would go to the Fire (i.e., Hell). In other words, it affirmed that he would never become a Muslim and would therefore be condemned forever. For ten years all Abu Lahab had to do was say, “I heard that it has been revealed to Muhammad that I will never change – that I will never become a Muslim and will enter the Hellfire. Well I want to become a Muslim now. How do you like that? What do you think of your divine revelation now?” But he never did that. And yet, that is exactly the kind of behavior one would have expected from him since he always sought to contradict Islam. In essence, Muhammad (SAW) said, “You hate me and you want to finish me? Here, say these words, and I am finished. Come on, say them!” But Abu Lahab never said them. Ten years! And in all that time he never accepted Islam or even became sympathetic to the Islamic cause. How could Muhammad possibly have known for sure that Abu Lahab would fulfill the Qur’anic revelation if he (i.e., Muhammad) was not truly the messenger of Allah? How could he possibly have been so confident as to give someone 10 years to discredit his claim of prophethood? The only answer is that he was Allah’s messenger; for in order to put forth suck a risky challenge, one has to be entirely convinced that he has a divine revelation.

Another example of the confidence which Muhammad (SAW) had in his own prophethood and consequently in the divine protection of himself and his message is when he left Makkah and hid in a cave with Abu Bakr during their emigration to Madeenah. The two clearly saw people coming to kill them, and Abu Bakr was afraid. Certainly, if Muhammad (SAW) was a liar, a forger and one who was trying to fool the people into believing that he was a prophet, one would have expected him to say in such a circumstance to his friend, “Hey, Abu Bakr, see if you can find a back way out of this cave.” Or “Squat down in that corner over there and keep quiet.” Yet, in fact, what he said to Abu Bakr clearly illustrated his confidence. He told him, “Relax! Allah is with us, and Allah will save us!”

Now, if one knows that he is fooling the people, where does one get this kind of attitude? In fact, such a frame of mind is not characteristic of a liar or a forger at all. So, as has been previously mentioned, the non-Muslims go around and around in a circle, searching for a way out – some way to explain the findings in the Qur’an without attributing them to their proper source. On one hand, they tell you on Monday, Wednesday and Friday, “The man was a liar,” and on the other hand, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday they tell you, “He was crazy.” What they refuse to accept is that one cannot have it both ways; yet they refuse to accept is that one cannot have it both ways; yet they need both excuses to explain the information in the Qur’an.

About seven years ago, I had a minister over to my home. In the particular room which we were sitting there was a Qur’an on the table, face down, and so the minister was not aware of which book it was. In the midst of a discussion, I pointed to the Qur’an and said, “I have confidence in that book.” Looking at the Qur’an but not knowing which book it was , he replied, “Well, I tell you, if that book is not the Bible, it was written by a man!” In response to his statement, I said, “Let me tell you something about what is in that book.” And in just three to four minutes I related to him a few things contained in the Qur’an. After just those three or four minutes, he completely changed his position and declared, “You are right. A man did not write that book. The Devil wrote it!” Indeed, possessing such an attitude is very unfortunate – for many reasons. For one thing, it is a very quick and cheap excuse. It is an instant exit out of an uncomfortable situation. As a matter of fact, there is a famous story in the Bible that mentions how one day some of the Jews were witnesses when Jesus raised a man from the dead. The man had been dead for four days, and when Jesus arrived, he simply said, “Get up!” and the man arose and walked away. At such a sight, some of the Jews who were watching said disbelievingly, “This is the Devil. The Devil helped him!” Now this story is rehearsed often in churches all over the world, and people cry big tears over it, saying, “Oh, if I had been there, I would not have been as stupid as the Jews!” Yet ironically, these people do exactly what the Jews did when in just three minutes you show them only a small part of the Qur’an and all they can say is, “Oh, the Devil did it. The devil wrote that book!”. Because they are truly backed into a corner and have no other viable answer, they resort to the quickest and cheapest excuse available. Another Example of people’s use of this weak stance can be found in the Makkans’ explanation of the source of Muhammad’s message. They used to say, “The devils bring Muhammad that Qur’an!” But just as with every other suggestion made, the Qur’an gives the answer. One verse in particular states:

“And they say, ‘Surely he is possessed [by jinn], ‘but it [i.e., the Qur’an] is not except a reminder to the worlds.”

Thus it gives an argument in reply to such a theory. In fact, there are many arguments in the Qur’an in reply to the suggestion that devils brought Muhammad (SAW) his message. For example, in the 26th chapter Allah clearly affirms:

“No evil ones have brought it [i.e., this revelation] down. It would neither be fitting for them, nor would they be able. Indeed they have been removed far from hearing.”

And in another place in the Qur’an, Allah instructs us:

“So when you recite the Qur’an seek refuge in Allah from Shaytaan, the rejected.”

Now is this how Satan writes a book? He tells one, “Before you read my book, ask God to save you from me.”? This is very, very tricky. Indeed, a man could write something like this, but would Satan do this? Many people clearly illustrate that they cannot come to one conclusion on this subject. On one hand, they claim that Satan would not do such a thing and that even if he could, God would not allow him to; yet, on the other hand, they also believe that Satan is only that much less than God. In essence they allege that the Devil can probably do whatever God can do. And as a result, when they look at the Qur’an, even as surprised as they are as to how amazing it is, they still insist, “The Devil did this!” Thanks be to Allah, Muslims do not have that attitude. Although Satan may have some abilities, they are a long way separated from the abilities of Allah. And no Muslim is a Muslim unless he believes that. It is common knowledge even among non-Muslims that the Devil can easily make mistakes, and it would be expected that he would contradict himself if and when he wrote a book. For indeed, the Qur’an states:

“Do they not consider the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.”

In conjunction with the excuses that non-Muslims advance in futile attempts to justify unexplainable verses in the Qur’an, there is another attack often rendered which seems to be a combination of the theories that Muhammad (SAW) was crazy and a liar. Basically, these people propose that Muhammad was insane, and as a result of his delusion, he lied to and misled people. There is a name for this in psychology. It is referred to as mythomania. It means simply that one tells lies and then believes them. This is what the non-Muslims say Muhammad (SAW) suffered from. But the only problem with this proposal is that one suffering from mythomania absolutely cannot deal with facts, and yet the whole Qur’an is based entirely upon facts. Everything contained in it can be researched and established as true. Since facts are such a problem for a mythomaniac, when a psychologist tries to treat one suffering from that condition, he continually confronts him with facts. For example, if one is mentally ill and claims, “I am the king of England,” a psychologist does not say to him “No you aren’t. You are crazy!” He just does not do that. Rather, he confronts him with facts and says, “O.K., you say you are the king of England. So tell me where the queen is today. And where is your prime minister? And where are your guards?” Now, when the man has trouble trying to deal with these questions, he tries to make excuses, saying Uh… the queen… she has gone to her mother’s. Uh… the prime minister… well he died.” And eventually he is cured because he cannot deal with the facts. If the psychologist continues confronting him with enough facts, finally he faces the reality and says, “I guess I am not the king of England.” The Qur’an approaches everyone who reads it in very much the same way a psychologist treats his mythomania patient. There is a verse in the Qur’an which states:

“Oh mankind, there has come to you an admonition [i.e., the Qur’an] from your Lord and a healing for what is in the hearts – and guidance and mercy for the believers.”

At first glance, this statement appears vague, but the meaning of this verse is clear when one views it in light of the aforementioned example. Basically, one is healed of his delusions by reading the Qur’an. In essence, it is therapy. It literally cures deluded people by confronting them with facts. A prevalent attitude throughout the Qur’an is one which says, “Oh mankind, you say such and such about this; but what about such and such? How can you say this when you know that?” And so forth. It forces one to consider what is relevant and what matters while simultaneously healing one of the delusions that the facts presented to mankind by Allah can easily be explained away with flimsy theories and excuses. It is this very sort of thing – confronting people with facts – that had captured the attention of many non-Muslims. In fact, there exists a very interesting reference concerning this subject in the New Catholic Encyclopedia.

In an article under the subject of the Qur’an, the Catholic Church states, “Over the centuries, many theories have been offered as to the origin of the Qur’an… Today no sensible man accepts any of these theories.”!! Now here is the age-old Catholic Church, which has been around for so many centuries, denying these futile attempts to explain away the Qur’an. Indeed, the Qur’an is a problem for the Catholic Church. It states that it is revelation, so they study it. Certainly, they would love to find proof that it is not, but they cannot. They cannot find a viable explanation. But at least they are honest in their research and do not accept the first unsubstantiated interpretation which comes along. The Church states that in fourteen centuries it has not yet been presented a sensible explanation. At least it admits that the Qur’an is not an easy subject to dismiss. Certainly, other people are much less honest. They quickly say, “Oh, the Qur’an came from here. The Qur’an came from there.” And they do not even examine the credibility of what they are stating most of the time. Of course, such a statement by the Catholic Church leaves the everyday Christian in some difficulty. It just may be that he has his own ideas as to the origin of the Qur’an, but as a single member of the Church, he cannot really act upon his own theory. Such an action would be contrary to the obedience, allegiance and loyalty which the Church demands. By virtue of his membership, he must accept what the Catholic Church declares without question and establish its teachings as part of his everyday routine. So, in essence, if the Catholic Church as a whole is saying, “Do not listen to these unconfirmed reports about the Qur’an,” then what can be said about the Islamic point of view? Even non-Muslims are admitting that there is something to the Qur’an – something that has to be acknowledged – then why are people so stubborn and defensive and hostile when Muslims advance the very same theory? This is certainly something for those with mind a to contemplate – something to ponder for those of understanding!

Recently, the leading intellectual in the Catholic Church – a man by the name of Hans – studied the Qur’an and gave his opinion of what he had read. This man has been around for some time, and he is highly respected in the Catholic Church, and after careful scrutiny, he reported his findings, concluding, “God has spoken to man through the man, Muhammad.” Again this is a conclusion arrived at by a non-Muslim source – the very leading intellectual of the Catholic Church himself! I do not think that the Pope agrees with him, but nonetheless, the opinion of such a noted, repute public figure must carry some weight in defense of the Muslim position. He must be applauded for facing the reality that the Qur’an is not something which can be easily pushed aside and that, in fact God is the source of these words. As is evident from the aforementioned information, all of the possibilities have been exhausted, so the chance of finding another possibility of dismissing the Qur’an is nonexistent. For if the book is not a revelation, then it is a deception; and if it is a deception, one must ask, “What is its origin” And where does it deceive us?” Indeed, the true answers to these questions shed light on the Qur’an’s authenticity and silence the bitter unsubstantiated claims of the unbelievers. Certainly, if people are going to insist that the Qur’an is a deception, then they must bring forth evidence to support such a claim. The burden of proof is on them, not us! One is never supposed to advance a theory without sufficient corroborating facts; so I say to them, “Show me one deception! Show me where the Qur’an deceives me! Show me, otherwise, don’t say that it is a deception!” An interesting characteristic of the Qur’an is how it deals with surprising phenomena which relate not only to the past but to modern times as well. In essence, the Qur’an is not and old problem. It is still a problem even today – a problem to the non-Muslims that is. For everyday, every week, every year brings more and more evidence that the Qur’an is a force to be contended with – that its authenticity is no longer to be challenged! For example, one verse in the Qur’an reads;

“Do not the unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together, then We clove them asunder, and made from water every living thing? Will they not then believe?”

Ironically, this very information is exactly what they awarded the 1973 Noble Prize for – to a couple of unbelievers. The Qur’an reveals the origin of the universe – how it began from one piece – and mankind continues to verify this revelation, even up to now. Additionally, the fact that all life originated from water would not have been an easy thing to convince people of fourteen centuries ago. Indeed, if 1400 years ago you had stood in the desert and told someone, “All of this, you see (pointing to yourself), is made up of mostly water,” no one would have believed you. Proof of that was not available until the invention of the microscope. They had to wait to find out that cytoplasm, the basic substance of the cell, is made-up of 80% water. Nonetheless, the evidence did come, and once again the Qur’an stood the test of time. In reference to the falsification tests mentioned earlier, it is interesting to note that they, too, relate to both the past and the present. Some of them were used as illustrations of Allah’s omnipotence and knowledge, while others continue to stand as challenges to the present day. An example of the former is the statement made in the Qur’an about Abu Lahab. It clearly illustrates that Allah, the Knower of the Unseen, knew that Abu Lahab would never change his ways and accept Islam. Thus Allah dictated that he would be condemned to the Hellfire forever. Such a chapter was both an illustration of Allah’s divine wisdom and a warning to those who were like Abu Lahab.

An interesting example of the latter type of falsification tests contained in the Qur’an is the verse which mentions the relationship between the Muslims and the Jews. The verse is careful not to narrow its scope to the relationship between individual members of each religion, but rather, it summarizes the relationship between the two groups of people as a whole. In essence, the Qur’an states that the Christians will always treat the Muslims better than the Jews will treat the Muslims. Indeed, the full impact of such a statement can only be felt a~er careful consideration of the real meaning of such a verse. It is true that many Christians and many Jews have become Muslims, but as a whole, the Jewish community is to be viewed as an avid enemy of Islam. Additionally, very few people realize what such an open declaration in the Qur’an invites. In essence, it is an easy chance for the Jews to prove that the Qur’an is false – that it is not a divine revelation. All they have to do is organize themselves, treat the Muslims nicely for a few years and then say, “Now what does your holy book say about who are your best friends in the world – the Jews or the Christians? Look what we Jews have done for you!” That is all they have to do to disprove the Qur’an’s authenticity, yet they have not done it in 1400 years. But, as always, the offer still stands open!

All of the examples so far given concerning the various angles from which one can approach the Qur’an have undoubtedly been subjective in nature; however there does exist another angle, among others, which is objective and whose basis is mathematical. It is surprising how authentic the Qur’an becomes when one assembles what might be referred to as a list of good guesses. Mathematically, it can be explained using guessing and prediction examples. For instance, if a person has two choices (i.e., one is right, and one is wrong), and he closes his eyes and makes a choice, then half of the time (i.e., one time out of two) he will be right. Basically, he has a one in two chance, for he could pick the wrong choice, or he could pick the right choice. Now if the same person has two situations like that (i.e., he could be right or wrong about situation number one, and he could be right or wrong about situation number two), and he closes his eyes and guesses, then he will only be right one fourth of the time (i.e., one time out of four). He now has a one in four chance because now there are three ways for him to be wrong and only one way for him to be right. In simple terms, he could make the wrong choice in situation number one and then make the wrong choice in situation number two; OR he could make the wrong choice in situation number one and then make the right choice in situation number two; OR he could make the right choice in situation number one and then make the wrong choice in situation number two; OR he could make the right choice in situation number one and then make the right choice in situation number two. Of course, the (only instance in which he could be totally right is the last scenario where he could guess correctly in both situations. The odds of his guessing completely correctly have become greater because the number of situations for him to guess in have increased; and the mathematical equation representing such a scenario is 1/2 x 1/2 (i.e., one time out of two for the first situation multiplied by one time out of two for the second situation).

Continuing on with the example, if the same person now has three situations in which to make blind guesses, then he will only be right one eighth of the time (i.e., one time out of eight or 1/2 X 1/2 X 1/2). Again, the odds of choosing the correct choice in all three situations have decreased his chances of being completely correct to only one time in eight. It must be understood that as the number of situations increase, the chances of being right decrease, for the two phenomena are inversely proportional.

Now applying this example to the situations in the Qur’an, if one draws up a list of all of the subjects about which the Qur’an has made correct statements, it becomes very clear that it is highly unlikely that they were all just correct blind guesses. Indeed, the subjects discussed in the Qur’an are numerous, and thus the odds of someone just making lucky guesses about all of them become practically nil. If there are a million ways for the Qur’an to be wrong, yet each time it is right, then it is unlikely that someone was guessing. The following three examples of subjects about which the Qur’an has made correct statements collectively illustrate how the Qur’an continues to beat the odds.

In the 16th chapter the Qur’an mentions that the female bee leaves its home to gather food.l2 Now, a person might guess on that, saying, “The bee that you see flying around – it could be male, or it could be female. I think I will guess female.” Certainly, he has a one in two chance of being right. So it happens that the Qur’an is right. But it also happens that that was not what most people believed at the time when the Qur’an was revealed. Can you tell the difference between a male and a female bee? Well, it takes a specialist to do that, but it has been discovered that the male bee never leaves his home to gather food. However, in Shakespeare’s play, Henry the Fourth, some of the characters discuss bees and mention that the bees are soldiers and have a king. That is what people thought in Shakespeare’s time – that the bees that one sees flying around are male bees and that they go home and answer to a king. However, that is not true at all. The fact is that they are females, and they answer to a queen. Yet it took modern scientific investigations in the last 300 years to discover that this is the case.

So, back to the list of good guesses, concerning the topic of bees, the Qur’an had a 50/50 chance of being right, and the odds were one in two.

In addition to the subject of bees, the Qur’an also discusses the sun and the manner in which it travels through space. Again, a person can guess on that subject. When the sun moves through space, there are two options: it can travel just as a stone would travel if one threw it, or it can move of its own accord. The Qur’an states the latter – that it moves as a result of its own motion.’3 To do such, the Qur’an uses a form of the word sabaha to describe the sun’s movement through space. In order to properly provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the implications of this Arabic verb, the following example is given. If a man is in water and the verb sabaha is applied in reference to his movement, it can be understood that he is swimming, moving of his own accord and not as a result of a direct force applied to him. Thus when this verb is used in reference to the sun’s movement through space, it in no way implies that the sun is flying uncontrollably through space as a result of being hurled or the like. It simply means that the sun is turning and rotating as it travels. Now, this is what the Qur’an affirms, but was it an easy thing to discover? Can any common man tell that the sun is turning? Only in modern times was the equipment made available to project the image of the sun onto a tabletop so that one could look at it without being blinded. And through this process it was discovered that not only are there three spots on the sun but that these spots move once every 25 days. This movement is referred to as the rotation of the sun around its axis and conclusively proves that, as the Qur’an stated 1400 years ago, the sun does, indeed turn as it travels through space.

And returning once again to the subject of good guess, the odds of guessing correctly about both subjects – the sex of bees and the movement of the sun – are one in four!

Seeing as back fourteen centuries ago people probably did not understand much about time zones, the Quran’s statements about this subject are considerably surprising. The concept that one family is having breakfast as the sun comes up while another family is enjoying the brisk night air is truly something to be marveled at, even in modern time. Indeed, fourteen centuries ago, a man could not travel more than thirty miles in one day, and thus it took him literally months to travel from India to Morocco, for example. And probably , when he was having supper in Morocco, he thought to himself, “Back home in India they are having supper right now.” This is because he did not realize that, in the process of traveling, he moved across a time zone. Yet, because it is the words of Allah, the All-Knowing, the Qur’an recognizes and acknowledges such a phenomenon. In an interesting verse it states that when history comes to an end and the Day of Judgment arrives, it will all occurring an instant; and this very instant will catch some people in the daytime and some people at night. This clearly illustrates Allah’s divine wisdom and His previous knowledge of the existence of time zones, even though such a discovery was non-existent back fourteen centuries ago. Certainly, this phenomenon is not something which is obvious to one’s eyes or a result of one’s experience, and this fact, in itself, suffices as proof of the Qur’ans authenticity.

Returning one final time to the subject of good guesses for the purpose of the present example, the odds that someone guessed correctly about all three of the aforementioned subjects – the sex of bees, the movement of the sun and the existence of time zones – are one in eight!

Certainly, one could continue on and on with this example, drawing up longer and longer list of good guesses; and of course, the odds would become higher and higher with each increase of subjects about which one could guess. But what no one can deny is the following; the odds that Mohammed an illiterate, guessed correctly about thousands and thousands of subjects, never once making a mistake, are so high that any theory of his authorship of the Qur’an must be completely dismissed – even by the most hostile enemies of Islam!

Indeed, the Qur’an expects this kind of challenge. Undoubtedly, if one said to someone upon entering a foreign land, “I know your father. I have met him,” probably the man from that land would doubt the newcomer’s word, saying, “You have just come here. How could you know my father?” As a result, he would question him, “Tell me, is my father tall, short, dark, fair? What is he like?” Of course, if the visitor continued answering all of the questions correctly, the skeptic would have no choice but to say, “I guess you do know my father. I don’t know how you know him, but I guess you do!” The situation is the same with the Qur’an. It states that it originates from the One who created everything. So everyone has the right to say, “Convince me! If the author of this book really originated life and everything in the heavens and on the earth, then He should know about this, about that, and so on.” And inevitably, after researching the Qur’an, everyone will discover the same truths. Additionally, we all know something for sure: we do not all have to be experts to verify what the Qur’an affirms. One’s iman (faith) grows as one continues to check and confirm the truths contained in the Qur’an. And one is supposed to do so all of his life.

May God (Allah) guide everyone close to the truth.

Supplement

An engineer at the University of Toronto who was interested in psychology and who had read something on it, conducted researched wrote a thesis on Efficiency of Group Discussions. The purpose of his research was to find out how much people accomplish when they get together to talk in groups of two, three, ten, etc. The graph of his findings: people accomplish most when they talk in groups of two. Of course, this discovery was entirely beyond his expectations, but it is very old advice given in the Qur’an:

Additionally, the 89th chapter of the Qur’an mentions a certain city by the name of ‘Iram (a city of pillars), which was not known in ancient history and which was non-existent as far as historians were concerned. However, the December 1978 edition of National Geographic introduced interesting information which mentioned that in 1973, the city of Elba was excavated in Syria. The city was discovered to be 43 centuries old, but that is not the most amazing part. Researchers found in the library of Elba a record of all of the cities with which Elba had done business. Believe or not, there on the list was the name of the city of ‘Iram. The people of Elba had done business with the people of ‘Iram!

“Say, ‘I exhort you to one thing – that you stand for Allah, [assessing the truth] by twos and singly, and then reflect…..’ In conclusion I ask you to consider with care the following:

“And they say, ‘Why are not signs sent down to him from his Lord?’ Say, ‘Indeed, the signs are with Allah, and I am but a clear warner.’ But is sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book [i.e. Qur’an] which is rehearsed to them? Verily, in that is mercy and a reminder to people who believe.”

The following scenario is a good example of the kind of circle that non-Muslims go around in constantly. If you ask one of them, “What is the origin of the Qur’an?” He tells you that it originated from the mind of a man who was crazy. Then you ask him, “If it came from his head, then where did he get the information contained in it? Certainly the Qur’an mentions many things with which the Arabs were not familiar.” So in order to explain the fact which you bring him, he changes his position and says, “Well, maybe he was not crazy. Maybe some foreigner brought him the information. So he lied and told people that he was a prophet.” At this point then you have to ask him, “If Muhammad was a liar, then where did he get his confidence? Why did he behave as though he really thought he was a prophet?” Finally backed into a corner, like a cat he quickly lashes out with the first response that comes to his mind. Forgetting that he has already exhausted that possibility, he claims, “Well, maybe he wasn’t a liar. He was probably crazy and really thought that he was a prophet.” And thus he begins the futile circle again.

As has already been mentioned, there is much information contained in the Qur’an whose source cannot be attributed to anyone other than Allah. For example, who told Muhammad about the wall of Dhul-Qarnayn – a place hundreds of miles to the north? Who told him about embryology? When people assemble facts such as these, if they are not willing to attribute their existence to a divine source, they automatically resort to the assumption someone brought Muhammad the information and that he used it to fool the people. However, this theory can easily be disproved with one simple question: “If Muhammad was a liar, where did he get his confidence? Why did he tell some people out right to their face what others could never say?” Such confidence depends completely upon being convinced that one has a true divine revelation. For example, the Prophet (SAW) had an uncle by the name of Abu Lahab. This man hated Islam to such an extent that he used to follow the Prophet around in order to discredit him. If Abu Lahab saw the Prophet (SAW) speaking to a stranger, he would wait until they parted and then would go to the stranger and ask him, “What did he tell you? Did he say, ‘Black.’? Well, it’s white. Did he say, ‘Morning.’? Well, it’s night.” He faithfully said the exact opposite of whatever he heard Muhammad (SAW) and the Muslims say. However, about ten years before Abu Lahab died, a little chapter in the Qur’an was revealed to him. It distinctly stated that he would go to the Fire (i.e., Hell). In other words, it affirmed that he would never become a Muslim and would therefore be condemned forever. For ten years all Abu Lahab had to do was say, “I heard that it has been revealed to Muhammad that I will never change – that I will never become a Muslim and will enter the Hellfire. Well I want to become a Muslim now. How do you like that? What do you think of your divine revelation now?” But he never did that. And yet, that is exactly the kind of behavior one would have expected from him since he always sought to contradict Islam. In essence, Muhammad (SAW) said, “You hate me and you want to finish me? Here, say these words, and I am finished. Come on, say them!” But Abu Lahab never said them. Ten years! And in all that time he never accepted Islam or even became sympathetic to the Islamic cause. How could Muhammad possibly have known for sure that Abu Lahab would fulfill the Qur’anic revelation if he (i.e., Muhammad) was not truly the messenger of Allah? How could he possibly have been so confident as to give someone 10 years to discredit his claim of prophethood? The only answer is that he was Allah’s messenger; for in order to put forth suck a risky challenge, one has to be entirely convinced that he has a divine revelation.

Another example of the confidence which Muhammad (SAW) had in his own prophethood and consequently in the divine protection of himself and his message is when he left Makkah and hid in a cave with Abu Bakr during their emigration to Madeenah. The two clearly saw people coming to kill them, and Abu Bakr was afraid. Certainly, if Muhammad (SAW) was a liar, a forger and one who was trying to fool the people into believing that he was a prophet, one would have expected him to say in such a circumstance to his friend, “Hey, Abu Bakr, see if you can find a back way out of this cave.” Or “Squat down in that corner over there and keep quiet.” Yet, in fact, what he said to Abu Bakr clearly illustrated his confidence. He told him, “Relax! Allah is with us, and Allah will save us!”

Now, if one knows that he is fooling the people, where does one get this kind of attitude? In fact, such a frame of mind is not characteristic of a liar or a forger at all. So, as has been previously mentioned, the non-Muslims go around and around in a circle, searching for a way out – some way to explain the findings in the Qur’an without attributing them to their proper source. On one hand, they tell you on Monday, Wednesday and Friday, “The man was a liar,” and on the other hand, on Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday they tell you, “He was crazy.” What they refuse to accept is that one cannot have it both ways; yet they refuse to accept is that one cannot have it both ways; yet they need both excuses to explain the information in the Qur’an.

About seven years ago, I had a minister over to my home. In the particular room which we were sitting there was a Qur’an on the table, face down, and so the minister was not aware of which book it was. In the midst of a discussion, I pointed to the Qur’an and said, “I have confidence in that book.” Looking at the Qur’an but not knowing which book it was , he replied, “Well, I tell you, if that book is not the Bible, it was written by a man!” In response to his statement, I said, “Let me tell you something about what is in that book.” And in just three to four minutes I related to him a few things contained in the Qur’an. After just those three or four minutes, he completely changed his position and declared, “You are right. A man did not write that book. The Devil wrote it!” Indeed, possessing such an attitude is very unfortunate – for many reasons. For one thing, it is a very quick and cheap excuse. It is an instant exit out of an uncomfortable situation. As a matter of fact, there is a famous story in the Bible that mentions how one day some of the Jews were witnesses when Jesus raised a man from the dead. The man had been dead for four days, and when Jesus arrived, he simply said, “Get up!” and the man arose and walked away. At such a sight, some of the Jews who were watching said disbelievingly, “This is the Devil. The Devil helped him!” Now this story is rehearsed often in churches all over the world, and people cry big tears over it, saying, “Oh, if I had been there, I would not have been as stupid as the Jews!” Yet ironically, these people do exactly what the Jews did when in just three minutes you show them only a small part of the Qur’an and all they can say is, “Oh, the Devil did it. The devil wrote that book!”. Because they are truly backed into a corner and have no other viable answer, they resort to the quickest and cheapest excuse available. Another Example of people’s use of this weak stance can be found in the Makkans’ explanation of the source of Muhammad’s message. They used to say, “The devils bring Muhammad that Qur’an!” But just as with every other suggestion made, the Qur’an gives the answer. One verse in particular states:

“And they say, ‘Surely he is possessed [by jinn], ‘but it [i.e., the Qur’an] is not except a reminder to the worlds.”

Thus it gives an argument in reply to such a theory. In fact, there are many arguments in the Qur’an in reply to the suggestion that devils brought Muhammad (SAW) his message. For example, in the 26th chapter Allah clearly affirms:

“No evil ones have brought it [i.e., this revelation] down. It would neither be fitting for them, nor would they be able. Indeed they have been removed far from hearing.”

And in another place in the Qur’an, Allah instructs us:

“So when you recite the Qur’an seek refuge in Allah from Shaytaan, the rejected.”

Now is this how Satan writes a book? He tells one, “Before you read my book, ask God to save you from me.”? This is very, very tricky. Indeed, a man could write something like this, but would Satan do this? Many people clearly illustrate that they cannot come to one conclusion on this subject. On one hand, they claim that Satan would not do such a thing and that even if he could, God would not allow him to; yet, on the other hand, they also believe that Satan is only that much less than God. In essence they allege that the Devil can probably do whatever God can do. And as a result, when they look at the Qur’an, even as surprised as they are as to how amazing it is, they still insist, “The Devil did this!” Thanks be to Allah, Muslims do not have that attitude. Although Satan may have some abilities, they are a long way separated from the abilities of Allah. And no Muslim is a Muslim unless he believes that. It is common knowledge even among non-Muslims that the Devil can easily make mistakes, and it would be expected that he would contradict himself if and when he wrote a book. For indeed, the Qur’an states:

“Do they not consider the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.”

In conjunction with the excuses that non-Muslims advance in futile attempts to justify unexplainable verses in the Qur’an, there is another attack often rendered which seems to be a combination of the theories that Muhammad (SAW) was crazy and a liar. Basically, these people propose that Muhammad was insane, and as a result of his delusion, he lied to and misled people. There is a name for this in psychology. It is referred to as mythomania. It means simply that one tells lies and then believes them. This is what the non-Muslims say Muhammad (SAW) suffered from. But the only problem with this proposal is that one suffering from mythomania absolutely cannot deal with facts, and yet the whole Qur’an is based entirely upon facts. Everything contained in it can be researched and established as true. Since facts are such a problem for a mythomaniac, when a psychologist tries to treat one suffering from that condition, he continually confronts him with facts. For example, if one is mentally ill and claims, “I am the king of England,” a psychologist does not say to him “No you aren’t. You are crazy!” He just does not do that. Rather, he confronts him with facts and says, “O.K., you say you are the king of England. So tell me where the queen is today. And where is your prime minister? And where are your guards?” Now, when the man has trouble trying to deal with these questions, he tries to make excuses, saying Uh… the queen… she has gone to her mother’s. Uh… the prime minister… well he died.” And eventually he is cured because he cannot deal with the facts. If the psychologist continues confronting him with enough facts, finally he faces the reality and says, “I guess I am not the king of England.” The Qur’an approaches everyone who reads it in very much the same way a psychologist treats his mythomania patient. There is a verse in the Qur’an which states:

“Oh mankind, there has come to you an admonition [i.e., the Qur’an] from your Lord and a healing for what is in the hearts – and guidance and mercy for the believers.”

At first glance, this statement appears vague, but the meaning of this verse is clear when one views it in light of the aforementioned example. Basically, one is healed of his delusions by reading the Qur’an. In essence, it is therapy. It literally cures deluded people by confronting them with facts. A prevalent attitude throughout the Qur’an is one which says, “Oh mankind, you say such and such about this; but what about such and such? How can you say this when you know that?” And so forth. It forces one to consider what is relevant and what matters while simultaneously healing one of the delusions that the facts presented to mankind by Allah can easily be explained away with flimsy theories and excuses. It is this very sort of thing – confronting people with facts – that had captured the attention of many non-Muslims. In fact, there exists a very interesting reference concerning this subject in the New Catholic Encyclopedia.

In an article under the subject of the Qur’an, the Catholic Church states, “Over the centuries, many theories have been offered as to the origin of the Qur’an… Today no sensible man accepts any of these theories.”!! Now here is the age-old Catholic Church, which has been around for so many centuries, denying these futile attempts to explain away the Qur’an. Indeed, the Qur’an is a problem for the Catholic Church. It states that it is revelation, so they study it. Certainly, they would love to find proof that it is not, but they cannot. They cannot find a viable explanation. But at least they are honest in their research and do not accept the first unsubstantiated interpretation which comes along. The Church states that in fourteen centuries it has not yet been presented a sensible explanation. At least it admits that the Qur’an is not an easy subject to dismiss. Certainly, other people are much less honest. They quickly say, “Oh, the Qur’an came from here. The Qur’an came from there.” And they do not even examine the credibility of what they are stating most of the time. Of course, such a statement by the Catholic Church leaves the everyday Christian in some difficulty. It just may be that he has his own ideas as to the origin of the Qur’an, but as a single member of the Church, he cannot really act upon his own theory. Such an action would be contrary to the obedience, allegiance and loyalty which the Church demands. By virtue of his membership, he must accept what the Catholic Church declares without question and establish its teachings as part of his everyday routine. So, in essence, if the Catholic Church as a whole is saying, “Do not listen to these unconfirmed reports about the Qur’an,” then what can be said about the Islamic point of view? Even non-Muslims are admitting that there is something to the Qur’an – something that has to be acknowledged – then why are people so stubborn and defensive and hostile when Muslims advance the very same theory? This is certainly something for those with mind a to contemplate – something to ponder for those of understanding!

Recently, the leading intellectual in the Catholic Church – a man by the name of Hans – studied the Qur’an and gave his opinion of what he had read. This man has been around for some time, and he is highly respected in the Catholic Church, and after careful scrutiny, he reported his findings, concluding, “God has spoken to man through the man, Muhammad.” Again this is a conclusion arrived at by a non-Muslim source – the very leading intellectual of the Catholic Church himself! I do not think that the Pope agrees with him, but nonetheless, the opinion of such a noted, repute public figure must carry some weight in defense of the Muslim position. He must be applauded for facing the reality that the Qur’an is not something which can be easily pushed aside and that, in fact God is the source of these words. As is evident from the aforementioned information, all of the possibilities have been exhausted, so the chance of finding another possibility of dismissing the Qur’an is nonexistent. For if the book is not a revelation, then it is a deception; and if it is a deception, one must ask, “What is its origin” And where does it deceive us?” Indeed, the true answers to these questions shed light on the Qur’an’s authenticity and silence the bitter unsubstantiated claims of the unbelievers. Certainly, if people are going to insist that the Qur’an is a deception, then they must bring forth evidence to support such a claim. The burden of proof is on them, not us! One is never supposed to advance a theory without sufficient corroborating facts; so I say to them, “Show me one deception! Show me where the Qur’an deceives me! Show me, otherwise, don’t say that it is a deception!” An interesting characteristic of the Qur’an is how it deals with surprising phenomena which relate not only to the past but to modern times as well. In essence, the Qur’an is not and old problem. It is still a problem even today – a problem to the non-Muslims that is. For everyday, every week, every year brings more and more evidence that the Qur’an is a force to be contended with – that its authenticity is no longer to be challenged! For example, one verse in the Qur’an reads;

“Do not the unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together, then We clove them asunder, and made from water every living thing? Will they not then believe?”

Ironically, this very information is exactly what they awarded the 1973 Noble Prize for – to a couple of unbelievers. The Qur’an reveals the origin of the universe – how it began from one piece – and mankind continues to verify this revelation, even up to now. Additionally, the fact that all life originated from water would not have been an easy thing to convince people of fourteen centuries ago. Indeed, if 1400 years ago you had stood in the desert and told someone, “All of this, you see (pointing to yourself), is made up of mostly water,” no one would have believed you. Proof of that was not available until the invention of the microscope. They had to wait to find out that cytoplasm, the basic substance of the cell, is made-up of 80% water. Nonetheless, the evidence did come, and once again the Qur’an stood the test of time. In reference to the falsification tests mentioned earlier, it is interesting to note that they, too, relate to both the past and the present. Some of them were used as illustrations of Allah’s omnipotence and knowledge, while others continue to stand as challenges to the present day. An example of the former is the statement made in the Qur’an about Abu Lahab. It clearly illustrates that Allah, the Knower of the Unseen, knew that Abu Lahab would never change his ways and accept Islam. Thus Allah dictated that he would be condemned to the Hellfire forever. Such a chapter was both an illustration of Allah’s divine wisdom and a warning to those who were like Abu Lahab.

An interesting example of the latter type of falsification tests contained in the Qur’an is the verse which mentions the relationship between the Muslims and the Jews. The verse is careful not to narrow its scope to the relationship between individual members of each religion, but rather, it summarizes the relationship between the two groups of people as a whole. In essence, the Qur’an states that the Christians will always treat the Muslims better than the Jews will treat the Muslims. Indeed, the full impact of such a statement can only be felt a~er careful consideration of the real meaning of such a verse. It is true that many Christians and many Jews have become Muslims, but as a whole, the Jewish community is to be viewed as an avid enemy of Islam. Additionally, very few people realize what such an open declaration in the Qur’an invites. In essence, it is an easy chance for the Jews to prove that the Qur’an is false – that it is not a divine revelation. All they have to do is organize themselves, treat the Muslims nicely for a few years and then say, “Now what does your holy book say about who are your best friends in the world – the Jews or the Christians? Look what we Jews have done for you!” That is all they have to do to disprove the Qur’an’s authenticity, yet they have not done it in 1400 years. But, as always, the offer still stands open!

All of the examples so far given concerning the various angles from which one can approach the Qur’an have undoubtedly been subjective in nature; however there does exist another angle, among others, which is objective and whose basis is mathematical. It is surprising how authentic the Qur’an becomes when one assembles what might be referred to as a list of good guesses. Mathematically, it can be explained using guessing and prediction examples. For instance, if a person has two choices (i.e., one is right, and one is wrong), and he closes his eyes and makes a choice, then half of the time (i.e., one time out of two) he will be right. Basically, he has a one in two chance, for he could pick the wrong choice, or he could pick the right choice. Now if the same person has two situations like that (i.e., he could be right or wrong about situation number one, and he could be right or wrong about situation number two), and he closes his eyes and guesses, then he will only be right one fourth of the time (i.e., one time out of four). He now has a one in four chance because now there are three ways for him to be wrong and only one way for him to be right. In simple terms, he could make the wrong choice in situation number one and then make the wrong choice in situation number two; OR he could make the wrong choice in situation number one and then make the right choice in situation number two; OR he could make the right choice in situation number one and then make the wrong choice in situation number two; OR he could make the right choice in situation number one and then make the right choice in situation number two. Of course, the (only instance in which he could be totally right is the last scenario where he could guess correctly in both situations. The odds of his guessing completely correctly have become greater because the number of situations for him to guess in have increased; and the mathematical equation representing such a scenario is 1/2 x 1/2 (i.e., one time out of two for the first situation multiplied by one time out of two for the second situation).

Continuing on with the example, if the same person now has three situations in which to make blind guesses, then he will only be right one eighth of the time (i.e., one time out of eight or 1/2 X 1/2 X 1/2). Again, the odds of choosing the correct choice in all three situations have decreased his chances of being completely correct to only one time in eight. It must be understood that as the number of situations increase, the chances of being right decrease, for the two phenomena are inversely proportional.

Now applying this example to the situations in the Qur’an, if one draws up a list of all of the subjects about which the Qur’an has made correct statements, it becomes very clear that it is highly unlikely that they were all just correct blind guesses. Indeed, the subjects discussed in the Qur’an are numerous, and thus the odds of someone just making lucky guesses about all of them become practically nil. If there are a million ways for the Qur’an to be wrong, yet each time it is right, then it is unlikely that someone was guessing. The following three examples of subjects about which the Qur’an has made correct statements collectively illustrate how the Qur’an continues to beat the odds.

In the 16th chapter the Qur’an mentions that the female bee leaves its home to gather food. Now, a person might guess on that, saying, “The bee that you see flying around – it could be male, or it could be female. I think I will guess female.” Certainly, he has a one in two chance of being right. So it happens that the Qur’an is right. But it also happens that that was not what most people believed at the time when the Qur’an was revealed. Can you tell the difference between a male and a female bee? Well, it takes a specialist to do that, but it has been discovered that the male bee never leaves his home to gather food. However, in Shakespeare’s play, Henry the Fourth, some of the characters discuss bees and mention that the bees are soldiers and have a king. That is what people thought in Shakespeare’s time – that the bees that one sees flying around are male bees and that they go home and answer to a king. However, that is not true at all. The fact is that they are females, and they answer to a queen. Yet it took modern scientific investigations in the last 300 years to discover that this is the case.

So, back to the list of good guesses, concerning the topic of bees, the Qur’an had a 50/50 chance of being right, and the odds were one in two.

In addition to the subject of bees, the Qur’an also discusses the sun and the manner in which it travels through space. Again, a person can guess on that subject. When the sun moves through space, there are two options: it can travel just as a stone would travel if one threw it, or it can move of its own accord. The Qur’an states the latter – that it moves as a result of its own motion.’3 To do such, the Qur’an uses a form of the word sabaha to describe the sun’s movement through space. In order to properly provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the implications of this Arabic verb, the following example is given. If a man is in water and the verb sabaha is applied in reference to his movement, it can be understood that he is swimming, moving of his own accord and not as a result of a direct force applied to him. Thus when this verb is used in reference to the sun’s movement through space, it in no way implies that the sun is flying uncontrollably through space as a result of being hurled or the like. It simply means that the sun is turning and rotating as it travels. Now, this is what the Qur’an affirms, but was it an easy thing to discover? Can any common man tell that the sun is turning? Only in modern times was the equipment made available to project the image of the sun onto a tabletop so that one could look at it without being blinded. And through this process it was discovered that not only are there three spots on the sun but that these spots move once every 25 days. This movement is referred to as the rotation of the sun around its axis and conclusively proves that, as the Qur’an stated 1400 years ago, the sun does, indeed turn as it travels through space.

And returning once again to the subject of good guess, the odds of guessing correctly about both subjects – the sex of bees and the movement of the sun – are one in four!

Seeing as back fourteen centuries ago people probably did not understand much about time zones, the Quran’s statements about this subject are considerably surprising. The concept that one family is having breakfast as the sun comes up while another family is enjoying the brisk night air is truly something to be marveled at, even in modern time. Indeed, fourteen centuries ago, a man could not travel more than thirty miles in one day, and thus it took him literally months to travel from India to Morocco, for example. And probably , when he was having supper in Morocco, he thought to himself, “Back home in India they are having supper right now.” This is because he did not realize that, in the process of traveling, he moved across a time zone. Yet, because it is the words of Allah, the All-Knowing, the Qur’an recognizes and acknowledges such a phenomenon. In an interesting verse it states that when history comes to an end and the Day of Judgment arrives, it will all occurring an instant; and this very instant will catch some people in the daytime and some people at night. This clearly illustrates Allah’s divine wisdom and His previous knowledge of the existence of time zones, even though such a discovery was non-existent back fourteen centuries ago. Certainly, this phenomenon is not something which is obvious to one’s eyes or a result of one’s experience, and this fact, in itself, suffices as proof of the Qur’ans authenticity.

Returning one final time to the subject of good guesses for the purpose of the present example, the odds that someone guessed correctly about all three of the aforementioned subjects – the sex of bees, the movement of the sun and the existence of time zones – are one in eight!

Certainly, one could continue on and on with this example, drawing up longer and longer list of good guesses; and of course, the odds would become higher and higher with each increase of subjects about which one could guess. But what no one can deny is the following; the odds that Mohammed an illiterate, guessed correctly about thousands and thousands of subjects, never once making a mistake, are so high that any theory of his authorship of the Qur’an must be completely dismissed – even by the most hostile enemies of Islam!

Indeed, the Qur’an expects this kind of challenge. Undoubtedly, if one said to someone upon entering a foreign land, “I know your father. I have met him,” probably the man from that land would doubt the newcomer’s word, saying, “You have just come here. How could you know my father?” As a result, he would question him, “Tell me, is my father tall, short, dark, fair? What is he like?” Of course, if the visitor continued answering all of the questions correctly, the skeptic would have no choice but to say, “I guess you do know my father. I don’t know how you know him, but I guess you do!” The situation is the same with the Qur’an. It states that it originates from the One who created everything. So everyone has the right to say, “Convince me! If the author of this book really originated life and everything in the heavens and on the earth, then He should know about this, about that, and so on.” And inevitably, after researching the Qur’an, everyone will discover the same truths. Additionally, we all know something for sure: we do not all have to be experts to verify what the Qur’an affirms. One’s iman (faith) grows as one continues to check and confirm the truths contained in the Qur’an. And one is supposed to do so all of his life.

May God (Allah) guide everyone close to the truth.

Supplement

An engineer at the University of Toronto who was interested in psychology and who had read something on it, conducted researched wrote a thesis on Efficiency of Group Discussions. The purpose of his research was to find out how much people accomplish when they get together to talk in groups of two, three, ten, etc. The graph of his findings: people accomplish most when they talk in groups of two. Of course, this discovery was entirely beyond his expectations, but it is very old advice given in the Qur’an:

Additionally, the 89th chapter of the Qur’an mentions a certain city by the name of ‘Iram (a city of pillars), which was not known in ancient history and which was non-existent as far as historians were concerned. However, the December 1978 edition of National Geographic introduced interesting information which mentioned that in 1973, the city of Elba was excavated in Syria. The city was discovered to be 43 centuries old, but that is not the most amazing part. Researchers found in the library of Elba a record of all of the cities with which Elba had done business. Believe or not, there on the list was the name of the city of ‘Iram. The people of Elba had done business with the people of ‘Iram!

“Say, ‘I exhort you to one thing – that you stand for Allah, [assessing the truth] by twos and singly, and then reflect…..’ In conclusion I ask you to consider with care the following:

“And they say, ‘Why are not signs sent down to him from his Lord?’ Say, ‘Indeed, the signs are with Allah, and I am but a clear warner.’ But is sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book [i.e. Qur’an] which is rehearsed to them? Verily, in that is mercy and a reminder to people who believe.”

 
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Posted by on December 25, 2007 in Articles

 

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